The Weald of Kent, Surrey and Sussex
Jeffrey Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst of Holmesdale, son of Jeffrey Amherst and Elizabeth Amherst [Kerrill]
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© National Portrait Gallery

Amherst, Jeffrey, first Baron Amherst of Holmesdale was born on 29th January 1716/7 at Brooks Place, Riverhead, Kent, the second son of Jeffrey Amherst and his wife, Elizabeth, the daughter of Thomas Kerrill of Hadlow, Kent.

Amherst became a soldier at the tender age of 14. After service in the War of the Austrian Succession, he gained fame during the Seven Years' War, particularly in the North American campaign. The succesful Siege of Louisbourg in 1758 led immediately to Amherst taking command of all of England's armies in North America. Amherst's second in command was the young James Wolfe who played a crucial role at Louisbourg and subsequently in the liberation of Quebec. England was to concentrate most of its efforts for the duration of The Seven Years' War in North America; and, after four years of fighting, in 1763, at the Treaty of Paris, France gave up its North American possessions and, subsequently, North America, was to be dominated by English policy and language.

Today a single obelisk remains as a memorial to Jeffrey Amherst:

Dedicated to that most able Statesman during whose Administration, Cape Breton and Canada were conquered and from whose influence the British Arms derived a Degree of Lustre unparalleled in past ages.

LOUISBOURGH surrendered and Six French Battalions Prisoners of WarJuly 26, 1758
FORT DU QUESNE taken possession ofNov. 24, 1758
NIAGARA surrenderedJuly 25, 1759
TICONDERAGE taken possession ofJuly 26, 1759
CROWN POINT taken possession ofAugust 4, 1759
QUEBEC capitulatedSept. 18, 1759
FORT LEVI surrenderedAug. 25, 1760
ISLE OF NOIX abandonedAug. 28, 1760
MONTREAL surrendered and with it all Canada, and ten French battalions laid down their armsSept. 8, 1760
ST. JOHN'S, Newfoundland, retakenSept. 18, 1762

Circa 1752 Jeffrey Amherst had a son Jeffery by an unknown mother and he also became a soldier and rose to the rank of Major-General. On 20th May 1753 Jeffrey Amherst married Jane Dalison at Gray's Inn Chapel in London. Within a few years she succumbed to insanity and died on 7th January 1765. Amherst razed the family seat at Riverhead (which he had inherited in 1763 on the death of his brother Sackville) and built a new house that he christened "Montreal". On 26th March 1767, at St James's, Westminster, he married Elizabeth Cary, the daughter of Lieutenant-General George Cary. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries the house and family hosted an annual summer picnic for the children educated at the junior school they established in the village of Riverhead; the school still bears Amherst's coat of arms. With the decline of the family's fortunes the house was knocked down in the late 20th century to make way for a housing development.

In 1770, Amherst was appointed Governor of Guernsey and in 1772 Lieutenant-General of the Ordnance. In 1776 he received his peerage as Baron Amherst of Holmesdale. Subsequently, the latter part of his army career was less successful. He was appointed Field Marshal in 1796 but died a year later died at his home, Montreal, Riverhead, Kent, on 3rd August 1797.

See also


Date
Type
Information
Source
 
29th Jan 1716/17
Born
At Brook Place in the Parish of Sevenoaks, Kent
ODNB web site
 
c 1752
Birth of a son
Jeffrey
ODNB web site
 
20th May 1753
Married
Jane Dalison at Gray's inn Chapel, in London
www.thepeerage.com
 
26th Mar 1767
Married
Elizabeth Carey at St James in the Parish of Westminster, London
www.thepeerage.com
 
3rd Aug 1797
Died
At Montreal Park in the Parish of Sevenoaks, Kent
ODNB web site
 
10th Aug 1797
Buried
At St. Nicholas Parish Church in the Parish of Sevenoaks, Kent
ODNB web site

Ancestor's report
Descendent's report
Amherst individual records
The ancestral pedigree of Jeffrey Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst of Holmesdale
  
 John Thomas Amherstm: c 1540Parnell Raynes 
 b: c 1515  b: c 1515
  
    
 Richard John Katherine 
 b: c 1543 Pembury, Kent b: c 1547 Pembury, Kent
d: 24th May 1588
 b: c 1550
d: 24th May 1588
 
         
Great-Great-
Great-Great-
Grandfather record
   
   
   
 Richard Amherstm: 1564 St. Peter's Church, Pembury, KentMargaret Rixon 
 b: c 1543 Pembury, Kent  b: c 1540
  
          
Richard  Robert Johnne Jeffery Elizabeth John Edward Unnamed 
b: 1565 Pembury, Kent
ch: 5th Aug 1565 St. Peter's Church
d: 12th Apr 1632
  b: 1570 Pembury, Kent
ch: January 1570 St. Peter's Church
 b: 1572 Pembury, Kent
ch: September 1572 St. Peter's Church
 b: 1574 Pembury, Kent
ch: 13th Jun 1574 St. Peter's Church
d: September 1647 Southease, Sussex
bur: 28th Sep 1647 Southease, Sussex
 b: 1576 Pembury, Kent
ch: February 1576 St. Peter's Church
 b: 1578 Pembury, Kent
ch: 18th Jul 1578 St. Peter's Church
 b: 1581 Pembury, Kent
ch: 12th Mar 1581 St. Peter's Church
 b: c 1583 Pembury, Kent
d: 29th Jan 1584
 
   William               
   b: 1567 Pembury, Kent
ch: September 1567 St. Peter's Church
               
                   
Great-
Great-Great-
Grandfather record
   
   
   
 Jeffery Amherstm: 25th Sep 1610 Southease, SussexJoan Barnden 
 b: 1574 Pembury, Kent
ch: 13th Jun 1574 St. Peter's Church
d: September 1647 Southease, Sussex
bur: 28th Sep 1647 Southease, Sussex
  b: c 1580 daughter of John Barnden
  
      
 Anne Margaret Richard Arthur John 
 b: 1611 Southease, Sussex
ch: 6th Oct 1611
d: 1612
 b: 1613 Southease, Sussex
ch: 14th Mar 1613
 b: 1615 Southease, Sussex
ch: 12th Nov 1615
 b: 1618 Horsmonden, Kent
ch: 21st Jan 1618 St. Margaret's Church
d: 2nd Jul 1678 Horsmonden, Kent
 b: 1619 Horsmonden, Kent
ch: 17th Jan 1620 St. Margaret's Church
d: 4th May 1691
 
             
Great-Great-
Grandfather record
   
   
   
 John Amherstm: 4th Jan 1648 St Margaret Pattens, LondonMargaret Kirby 
 b: 1619 Horsmonden, Kent
ch: 17th Jan 1620 St. Margaret's Church
d: 4th May 1691
  b: c 1625
  
  
 Jeffery 
 b: 1649 Pembury, Kent
ch: 12th Jan 1649 St. Peter's Church
 
    
Great-
Grandfather record
   
   
   
 Jeffery Amherstm: 19th Jul 1670 Horsham, SussexElizabeth Yates 
 b: 1649 Pembury, Kent
ch: 12th Jan 1649 St. Peter's Church
  b: c 1650
  
         
Jane Margaret Jeffrey Frances Henry Richard Charles Elizabeth 
b: 1673 Warnham, Sussex
ch: 10th Apr 1673
 b: 1674 Warnham, Sussex
ch: 19th Feb 1674
 b: 1677 Warnham, Sussex
ch: 29th Jul 1677
d: 21st Oct 1750
 b: 1678 Warnham, Sussex
ch: 25th Jun 1678
 b: 1680 Warnham, Sussex b: 1681 Warnham, Sussex
d: 11th Mar 1681
 b: 1682 Warnham, Sussex
d: 11th Mar 1682
 b: 1684 Warnham, Sussex 
                 
Grandfather record
  
  
   
 Jeffrey Amherstm: 10th Feb 1712Elizabeth Kerrill 
 b: 1677 Warnham, Sussex
ch: 29th Jul 1677
d: 21st Oct 1750
  b: c 1690 daughter of Thomas Kerrill of Hadlow
  
           
Elizabeth  Jeffrey  Margaret Mary Thomas Sidney Charles William 
b: 1714 Sevenoaks, Kent
ch: June 1714
  b: 29th Jan 1716/17 Brook Place, Sevenoaks, Kent
d: 3rd Aug 1797 Montreal Park, Sevenoaks, Kent
bur: 10th Aug 1797 St. Nicholas Parish Church, Sevenoaks, Kent
  b: 3rd Feb 1718 Sevenoaks, Kent
d: 9th May 1735
 b: 1720 Sevenoaks, Kent
ch: December 1720
 b: 1725 Sevenoaks, Kent
ch: 29th May 1725
 b: 1728 Sevenoaks, Kent
ch: 22nd Sep 1728
 b: 1729 Sevenoaks, Kent
ch: 16th Sep 1729
 b: 1732 Sevenoaks, Kent
ch: 5th Feb 1732
d: 1781
 
  Sackville  John             
  b: 1715 Sevenoaks, Kent
d: 12th Dec 1763
  b: 6th Jan 1717/18 Sevenoaks, Kent
d: 14th Feb 1778 Gosport
             
                  
Parental record
   
   
   
 Jeffrey Amherst
1st Baron Amherst of Holmesdale
not married  
 b: 29th Jan 1716/17 Brook Place, Sevenoaks, Kent
d: 3rd Aug 1797 Montreal Park, Sevenoaks, Kent
bur: 10th Aug 1797 St. Nicholas Parish Church, Sevenoaks, Kent
   
  
  
 Jeffrey 
 b: c 1752
d: 1814
 
Family record
   
1st marriage Jeffrey Amherst
1st Baron Amherst of Holmesdale
m: 20th May 1753 Gray's inn Chapel, LondonJane Dalison 
 b: 29th Jan 1716/17 Brook Place, Sevenoaks, Kent
d: 3rd Aug 1797 Montreal Park, Sevenoaks, Kent
bur: 10th Aug 1797 St. Nicholas Parish Church, Sevenoaks, Kent
 b: 14th Feb 1722/23 daughter of Thomas Dalison and Jane Etherington
d: 7th Jan 1765 Tonbridge, Kent
   
2nd marriage Jeffrey Amherst
1st Baron Amherst of Holmesdale
m: 26th Mar 1767 St James, Westminster, LondonElizabeth Carey
Baroness Amherts of Holmesdale
 
 b: 29th Jan 1716/17 Brook Place, Sevenoaks, Kent
d: 3rd Aug 1797 Montreal Park, Sevenoaks, Kent
bur: 10th Aug 1797 St. Nicholas Parish Church, Sevenoaks, Kent
 b: c 1740 daughter of Lt.-Gen. Hon. George Cary and Isabella Ingram
d: 22nd May 1830 Hill Steet, London

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