The Weald of Kent, Surrey and Sussex
George Bernard O'Neill, painter, son of Bernard O'Neill and Sarah O'Neill [Gower]
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George Bernard O'Neill was born on 17th July 1828 in Dublin the ninth of fifteen children of Bernard and Sarah O'Neill. The O'Neills left Ireland in the late 1830s and settled at Woolwich Arsenal in Kent where Bernard O'Neill was an Ordnance storekeeper. George studied art at the Royal Academy Schools where he started exhibiting in 1847 at the age of 19 and his career as an artist took off when he submitted "The Foundling" to the 1852 Royal Academy Summer Exhibition. In 1857 he married Emma Stuart Callcott and over the next twelve years she bore him seven children. In 1863 the O'Neills leased "Old Wilsley" in Cranbrook as a summer residence next door to Emma's cousin the painter John Callcott Horsley - both George and John being attracted to the artist colony being formed in Cranbrook. The O'Neills remained there until 1886, making many changes to the residence and laying out the gardens.

Frederick Daniel Hardy, George Hardy, Thomas Webster, George Bernard O'Neill, John Callcott Horsley and Augustus Edwin Mulready were an informal group of six professional painters known as the Cranbrook Colony that thrived in Cranbrook in the latter half of the nineteenth century. They were a close association of colleagues and friends, and, in the case of the Hardy brothers and G.B. O'Neill, distant relatives. All six were "Genre" painters depicting scenes from daily life, either real or imaginary and, through their work, we have an accurate depiction of the people and homes in the Cranbrook area during the Victorian age. Often the Colony used their children, families and friends as models with the Hardys and Webster focused on rustic interiors and O'Neill and Horsley on picturesque historic architecture. The six painters, who occupied The Old Studio in the High Street, were prolific in their work and exhibited extensively at the Royal Academy and the British Institution.

George continued to work as a painter into the twentieth century in London where he died at the age of 89 on 23rd September 1917


See also How the 19th c. Cranbrook Colony were influenced in style and subject matter by the 17th c. Dutch Genre Masters.
Date
Type
Information
Source
 
17th Jul 1828
Born
In the City of Dublin, Ireland
ODNB web site
 
1852
The Foundling
The Foundling, Oil on Canvas painted by George Bernard O'Neill
Private collection
 
1854
The Jury
The Jury, Oil painted by George Bernard O'Neill
Private collection
 
1857
The Barber
The Barber, Etching by George Bernard O'Neill
Private collection
 
1857
The Welcome
The Welcome, Etching by George Bernard O'Neill
Private collection
 
1857
The Auction
The Auction, Oil painted by George Bernard O'Neill
Private collection
 
20th May 1857
Married
Emma Stuart Callcott at All Saints in the Parish of Paddington, London; registered at Kensington District, London; ref: 1857 Q2 Vol 1a Page 103
London Metropolitan Archives
 
c 1860
Manning the Navy
Manning the Navy, Oil on Canvas painted by George Bernard O'Neill
Private collection
 
Apr to June 1860
Birth of a daughter
Constance Mary in the Parish of Kensington, London; registered at Kensington District, London; ref: 1860 Q2 Vol 1a Page 57
1861 Census
Kensington, London
 
Jan to Mar 1861
Birth of a daughter
Kathleen Ellen in the Parish of Kensington, London; registered at Kensington District, London; ref: 1861 Q1 Vol 1a Page 84
1861 Census
Kensington, London
 
1863
Public Opinion
Public Opinion, Oil on Canvas painted by George Bernard O'Neill
Private collection
 
Jan to Mar 1863
Birth of a son
Bernard Callcott in the Parish of Cranbrook, Kent; registered at Cranbrook District, Kent; ref: 1863 Q1 Vol 2a Page 555
Register of births
 
Oct to Dec 1865
Birth of a daughter
Alice May in the Parish of Cranbrook, Kent; registered at Cranbrook District, Kent; ref: 1865 Q4 Vol 2a Page572
Register of births
 
1867
The Naughty Boy
The Naughty Boy, Oil on Canvas painted by George Bernard O'Neill
Wolverhampton Art Galery
 
1867
The Reproof
The Reproof, Oil on Canvas painted by George Bernard O'Neill
Wolverhampton Art Galery
 
July to Sep 1867
Birth of a son
Harry Duncan in the Parish of Cranbrook, Kent; registered at Cranbrook District, Kent; ref: 1867 Q3 Vol 2a Page 588
1881 Census
Tunbridge Wells, Kent
 
Oct to Dec 1869
Birth of a son
Frank Bernard in the Parish of Cranbrook, Kent; registered at Cranbrook District, Kent; ref: 1869 Q4 Vol 2a Page 621
1881 Census
Tunbridge Wells, Kent
 
1870
Nestlings
Nestlings, Oil on Canvas painted by George Bernard O'Neill
Wolverhampton Art Galery
 
1874
James Hall Nasmyth
James Hall Nasmyth, Oil on Canvas painted by George Bernard O'Neill
Private collection
 
14th Mar 1875
Birth of a son
Norman Houston at 16 Young Street in the Parish of Kensington, London; registered at Kensington District, London; ref: 1875 Q1 Vol 1a Page 167; registered as Male O'Neill
IGI - Family Search
 
1875 to 1890
Cheer Up
Cheer Up, Oil on Canvas painted by George Bernard O'Neill
Wolverhampton Art Galery
 
1875 to 1890
Forfeits
Forfeits, Oil painted by George Bernard O'Neill
Private collection
 
1875 to 1890
The Jewel Basket
The Jewel Basket, Oil painted by George Bernard O'Neill
Private collection
 
1875 to 1890
The Despatch
The Despatch, Oil on Canvas painted by George Bernard O'Neill
Wolverhampton Art Galery
 
1875 to 1890
The Tête à Tête Tea
The Tête à Tête Tea, Oil on Canvas painted by George Bernard O'Neill
Wolverhampton Art Galery
 
1875 to 1890
Father's Breastplate
Father's Breastplate, Oil on Canvas painted by George Bernard O'Neill
Private collection
 
1875 to 1890
Hush - She's Sleeping!
Hush - She's Sleeping!, Oil on Panel painted by George Bernard O'Neill
Private collection
 
1875 to 1890
Storming the Castle
Storming the Castle, Oil on Canvas painted by George Bernard O'Neill
Private collection
 
1875 to 1890
Under the Mistletoe
Under the Mistletoe, Oil on Canvas painted by George Bernard O'Neill
Private collection
 
1875 to 1890
The Admirers
The Admirers, Oil painted by George Bernard O'Neill
Private collection
 
1875 to 1890
The Harvesters
The Harvesters, Oil painted by George Bernard O'Neill
Private collection
 
1875 to 1890
The First Sitting
The First Sitting, Oil painted by George Bernard O'Neill
Private collection
 
1875 to 1890
Driving a Pair
Driving a Pair, Oil painted by George Bernard O'Neill
Private collection
 
1875 to 1890
Fishing with Grandpa
Fishing with Grandpa, Oil painted by George Bernard O'Neill
Private collection
 
1875 to 1890
Stolen Fruit is the sweetest
Stolen Fruit is the sweetest, Oil on Canvas painted by George Bernard O'Neill
Private collection
 
1875 to 1890
Market Day, the arrival of the hippodrome
Market Day, the arrival of the hippodrome, Oil painted by George Bernard O'Neill
Private collection
 
c 1879
About Fairies
About Fairies, Etching painted by George Bernard O'Neill
Private collection
 
3rd Apr 1881
Census
At Rectory in the Parish of Penshurst, Kent; George B. O'Niell, M, Visitor, married, age 52, born Dublin; occupation Artist
1881 Census
Penshurst, Kent
 
1882
Not Forgotten
Not Forgotten, Oil on Canvas painted by George Bernard O'Neill
Wolverhampton Art Galery
 
1882
The Duet
The Duet, Oil on Canvas painted by George Bernard O'Neill
Wolverhampton Art Galery
 
1901
A Joyful Welcome
A Joyful Welcome, Oil on Canvas painted by George Bernard O'Neill
Private collection
 
23rd Sep 1917
Died
London; aged 89 years
Probate Registry of England and Wales
 
15th Oct 1917
Will proven
London; Effects: £955 to Norman Houston O'Neill
Probate Registry of England and Wales

Ancestor's report
Descendent's report
O'Neil, O'Neill, O'Niell, O'Neal individual records
The ancestral pedigree of George Bernard O'Neill, painter
  
 Bernard O'Neillm: 22nd Mar 1815 Dublin, IrelandSarah Gower 
 b: 1785 Ireland
d: 2nd Sep 1855 London, aged 71 years
  b: 1790 to 1795 Ireland
d: 3rd May 1845 London, aged 50 years
  
            
4 children  William  Frances  Frederick Robert Grace Helen Sarah Gouce 
b: 1815 to 1818  b: 1821 Ireland  b: 1824 Ireland  b: 1830 Ireland b: 1832 Ireland b: 1835 Ireland b: 1838 b: 25th Aug 1840 Woolwich, Kent
ch: 6th Sep 1840 St. Mary Magdalene
 
  Mary James George Bernard          
  b: 1818 Ireland b: 1823 Ireland b: 17th Jul 1828 Dublin, Ireland
d: 23rd Sep 1917 London, aged 89 years
          
                 
Parental record
   
   
    
 George Bernard O'Neill
painter
m: 20th May 1857 All Saints, Paddington, London
registered at Kensington District, London ref: 1857 Q2 Vol 1a Page 103
Emma Stuart Callcott 
 b: 17th Jul 1828 Dublin, Ireland
d: 23rd Sep 1917 London, aged 89 years
  b: Oct to Dec 1838 registered at Kensington District, London ref: 1838 Q4 Vol 3 Page 247
  
        
 Constance Mary Kathleen Ellen Bernard Callcott Alice May Harry Duncan Frank Bernard Norman Houston 
 b: Apr to June 1860 Kensington, London registered at Kensington District, London ref: 1860 Q2 Vol 1a Page 57
d: 6th Nov 1935 aged 75 years
 b: Jan to Mar 1861 Kensington, London registered at Kensington District, London ref: 1861 Q1 Vol 1a Page 84
d: Apr to June 1899 aged 38 years registered at Kensington District, London ref: 1899 Q2 Vol 1a Page 66
 b: Jan to Mar 1863 Cranbrook, Kent registered at Cranbrook District, Kent ref: 1863 Q1 Vol 2a Page 555
d: Jan to Mar 1863 Cranbrook, Kent registered at Cranbrook District, Kent ref: 1863 Q1 Vol 2a Page 360
 b: Oct to Dec 1865 Cranbrook, Kent registered at Cranbrook District, Kent ref: 1865 Q4 Vol 2a Page572
ch: 5th Nov 1865 St Dunstan's Church
d: 27th May 1873 aged 7 years
 b: July to Sep 1867 Cranbrook, Kent registered at Cranbrook District, Kent ref: 1867 Q3 Vol 2a Page 588 b: Oct to Dec 1869 Cranbrook, Kent registered at Cranbrook District, Kent ref: 1869 Q4 Vol 2a Page 621 b: 14th Mar 1875 16 Young Street, Kensington, London, registered as Male O'Neill registered at Kensington District, London ref: 1875 Q1 Vol 1a Page 167
d: 3rd Mar 1934 7 Knaresborough Place, Kensington, London
 
                  
Family record

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