The Weald of Kent, Surrey and Sussex
John Baker Holroyd, 1st Earl of Sheffield, Baron of Dunamore, Co. Meath, Ireland and Baron of Roscommon, son of Isaac Holroyd and Dorothy Holroyd [Baker]
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John Holroyd the son of Isaac Holroyd and Dorothy Baker was born in Ireland on 21st December 1735. The name of Holroyd is of great antiquity in the West Riding of Yorkshire and is derived from the hamlet or estate of Holroyd (or Howroyd as it is pronounced in Bark-Island, six miles from Halifax). William de Howroyde possessed these lands in the reign of King Edward I. From him is descended John Holroyd's great grandfather Isaac Holroyde who went to Ireland in the reign of Charles II where he acquired considerable possessions. John's father Isaac was educated at Hackney school and afterwards at Doctor Sheridan's in Dublin before entering the University of Dublin and afterwards at the Middle Temple, London. Isaac married Dorothy , the youngest daughter of Daniel Baker of Penn, Bucks. In 1768 John Holroyd succeeded to the estates of his mother's brother, the Rev. Jones Baker, and took the name Baker before Holroyd.

John Holroyd entered the Marquis of Granby's regiment of light dragoons called the Royal Foresters in 1760 where he was Captain of a troop. When peace arrived in 1763 and the regiment was disbanded, John Holroyd travelled for three years across Europe. It was in Lausanne in September 1763 that he met the historian Edward Gibbon (1737-1794) who became a life-long friend and confidant. Gibbon wrote: "I have conceived a sincere friendship for Holroyd. He possesses great good sense and honourable sentiments, with a heart the best disposed in the world." When Gibbon died in 1794 he was interred at the Sheffield mausoleum in Fletching church and two years later John Holroyd edited and published the two volume Memoirs of the Life and Writings of Edward Gibbon, Esq.

Throughout his adult life Holroyd was active in politics and wrote extensively on the issues of the day. He entered parliament as M.P. for Coventry in 1780, for Bristol in 1790, and in 1809 he was admited to the Privy Council and Board of Trade, a position he held until his death in 1821

In 1769, John Holroyd purchased Sheffield Park from Lord de La Warr for £31,000. He commenced on extensive changes and developments of the property and its surrounding 120 acres of woodland park. In 1776 he engaged the architect James Wyatt (1746-1813) to enlarge and modernise the 16th century house in a Gothic style. He also engaged first Lancelot 'Capability' Brown (1716-1783) and then Humphrey Repton (1752-1818) to landscape the gardens.

John Holroyd married in 1767, Abigail Way daughter of Lewis Way and Abigail Lockey, and they had three children, John William, Maria Josepha and Louisa Dorothea. After Abigail's death in 1793, he married, in 1794, Lucy Pelham daughter of Thomas Pelham, 1st Earl of Chichester, and Anne Frankland. After her death in 1797, he married, in 1798, Ann North the daughter of Frederick North 2nd Earl of Guilford, and Anne Speke in 1798 and they had two children, George Augustus Frederick Charles (who later became 2nd Earl of Sheffield) and Anne Frederice Catherine.

Sheffield Park was the principal residence of the Holroyds but they also had property in London at Portland Place where, at the age of 86, he died on 20th May 1821. His body was interred at Fletching Church in June where the memorial inscription on the decorated screen in the Sheffield mausoleum is immediately above the inscription for his close friend Edward Gibbon


See also The History, Antiquities and Topography of the County of Sussex by Thomas Walker Horsfield, published in 1835 and


Date
Type
Information
Source
 
21st Dec 1735
Born
In the Country of Ireland
Collins Peerage of England, Vol 9
 
26th Apr 1767
Married
Abigail Way in the Parish of Richmond, London
www.thepeerage.com
 
1768
Inherited
succeeded to the estates of his mother's brother, the Rev. Jones Baker, and took the name Baker before Holroyd
ODNB web site
 
4th Apr 1768
Birth of a son
John William at Greave Hall in the County of Yorkshire
Fletching Parish Registers
 
1769
Purchased
At Sheffield Park; for £31,000
www.thepeerage.com
 
3rd Jan 1771
Birth of a daughter
Maria Josepha
ODNB web site
 
1st Sep 1776
Birth of a daughter
Louisa Dorothea in the Parish of Fletching, Sussex
Fletching Parish Registers
 
9th Jan 1781
Title
1st Baron Sheffield, of Dunamore, co. Meath, Ireland
www.thepeerage.com
 
1783
Published
Observations on the Commerce of the American States
Horsfield's Sussex
 
20th Sep 1783
Title
1st Baron Sheffield, of Roscommon, Ireland
www.thepeerage.com
 
1785
Published
Observations on the Manufacture, Trade and Present State of Ireland
Horsfield's Sussex
 
1786
Instrumental in establishing the Lewes Wool Fair
Horsfield's Sussex
 
1789
Published
Observations on the Project for Aboloshing the Slave Trade
Horsfield's Sussex
 
1791
Published
Observations on the Corn Bill now pending in Parliament
Horsfield's Sussex
 
26th Dec 1794
Married
Lady Lucy Pelham
Horsfield's Sussex
 
1796
Published
The Miscellaneous Works of Edward Gibbon, Esq., with Memoirs of his Life and Writings
 
20th Jan 1798
Married
Lady Anne North
www.thepeerage.com
 
1799
Published
Remarks on the Deficiency of Grain, occasioned by the Bad Harvest
Horsfield's Sussex
 
1799
Published
Substance of Speech on the Subject of the Union with Ireland
Horsfield's Sussex
 
1800
Published
Observations on the Objections made to the Exportation of Wool from Great Britain to Ireland
Horsfield's Sussex
 
13th Mar 1802
Birth of a son
George Augustus Frederick Charles
www.thepeerage.com
 
29th Jul 1802
Title
1st Baron Sheffield, of Sheffield, Yorkshire
www.thepeerage.com
 
1804
Published
Strictures on the Necessity of Maintaining the Navigation and Colonial System of Great Britain
Horsfield's Sussex
 
25th Dec 1804
Birth of a daughter
Anne Frederice Catherine in the Parish of Fletching, Sussex
IGI - Family Search
Batch C14805-1
 
1809
Published
The Orders in Council and the American Embargo beneficial to the Commercial and Political Interests of Great Britain
Horsfield's Sussex
 
1809
Appointed
Privy Council and the Board of Trade
www.thepeerage.com
 
1809 to 1812
Published
On the Trade in Wool and Woolens, extracted from the Reports addressed to the Wool Meetings
Horsfield's Sussex
 
1813
Published
Report at the Meeting at Lewes Wool Fair
Horsfield's Sussex
 
1815
Published
A Letter on the Corn Laws, and on the means of obviating the Mischiefs and Distresses which are repidly increasing
Horsfield's Sussex
 
16th Jan 1816
Title
1st Earl of Sheffield
www.thepeerage.com
 
16th Jan 1816
Title
1st Viscount of Pevensey
www.thepeerage.com
 
20th May 1821
Died
At Portland Place, in London; aged 86 years
ODNB web site
Horsfield's Sussex
 
Jun 1821
Buried
At St Andrew & St Mary Church in the Parish of Fletching, Sussex; Sheffield mausoleum
ODNB web site
Horsfield's Sussex

Ancestor's report
Descendent's report
Holroyd, Holroyde, Holerode, Holroide, Houlroyd individual records
The ancestral pedigree of John Baker Holroyd, 1st Earl of Sheffield, Baron of Dunamore, Co. Meath, Ireland and Baron of Roscommon
  
 William Holerodem: c 1570Alicia Crosley 
 b: c 1550  b: c 1550
d: March 1590 Yorkshire
bur: 15th Mar 1590 St.Mary, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire
  
         
George James Thomas Abraham Agnes Susannah Maria Unnamed 
b: 1572 Yorkshire
ch: 3rd Mar 1572
 b: 1574 Yorkshire b: 1577 Yorkshire b: 1580 Yorkshire
ch: 19th Feb 1580
 b: 1585 Yorkshire
ch: 13th Sep 1585
d: June 1602 Yorkshire
bur: 25th Jun 1602 St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire
 b: 1586 Yorkshire
ch: 12th Feb 1586
d: February 1608 Yorkshire, infant
bur: 5th Feb 1608 St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire
 b: 1587 Yorkshire
ch: 16th Jun 1587
d: July 1605 Yorkshire
bur: 24th Jul 1605 St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire
 b: 1588 Yorkshire
d: 15th Mar 1588
 
                 
Great-Great-
Great-Great-
Grandfather record
   
   
   
 George Holroydem: 12th Jul 1602 Rishworth, YorkshireIsabella Haig 
 b: 1572 Yorkshire
ch: 3rd Mar 1572
  b: 1574
d: September 1660 Yorkshire
bur: 20th Sep 1660 St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire
  
          
Paul  Nathan Joseph George Benjamin Isaac Gracia Jacob 
b: 1603 Elland, Yorkshire
ch: 7th Mar 1603
  b: 1605 Elland, Yorkshire
ch: 13th Sep 1605
d: January 1675 Yorkshire
bur: 5th Jan 1675 St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire
 b: 1608 Elland, Yorkshire
ch: 20th Mar 1608
 b: 1609 Elland, Yorkshire
ch: 18th May 1613
 b: 1615 Elland, Yorkshire
ch: 14th Jan 1615
d: July 1664 Yorkshire
bur: 17th Jul 1664 St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire
 b: 1618 Elland, Yorkshire
ch: 8th Nov 1618
 b: 1629 Elland, Yorkshire b: November 1621 Elland, Yorkshire
d: December 1621 Yorkshire
bur: 3rd Dec 1621 St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire
 
  John               
  b: 25th Oct 1603 Elland, Yorkshire
d: February 1685 Yorkshire
bur: 20th Feb 1685 St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire
               
                  
Great-
Great-Great-
Grandfather record
   
   
   
 George Holroydem: 8th Jul 1634 St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, YorkshireSusan Whiteley 
 b: 1609 Elland, Yorkshire
ch: 18th May 1613
  b: c 1610
  
        
 Benjamin George Isaac Joseph Nathaniel Susan John 
 b: c 1643 Rishworth, Elland, Yorkshire b: c 1645 Rishworth, Elland, Yorkshire b: c 1647 Rishworth, Elland, Yorkshire
d: 1706 Dublin, Ireland
 b: c 1649 Rishworth, Elland, Yorkshire b: c 1651 Rishworth, Elland, Yorkshire b: c 1653 Rishworth, Elland, Yorkshire b: c 1655 Rishworth, Elland, Yorkshire 
                
Great-Great-
Grandfather record
   
   
    
1st marriage Isaac Holroyde
merchant
m: c 1675Mary Holroide 
 b: c 1647 Rishworth, Elland, Yorkshire
d: 1706 Dublin, Ireland
  b: 1654 Cockcroft, Yorkshire
  
   
 John Mary 
 b: 1680
d: 1729
 b: c 1685 
      
Great-
Grandfather record
   
   
   
 John Holroydem: 18th Sep 1707 St. Catherine's Church, Dublin, IrelandSarah Elwood 
 b: 1680
d: 1729
  b: c 1685 daughter of William Elwood and Sarah Tomlinson
  
    
 Isaac Mary William 
 b: 22nd Jul 1708 Dublin, Ireland
ch: 16th Aug 1708 St. Peter and St. Kevin, Dublin
d: 11th Mar 1778 Bath, aged 70 years
bur: 20th Mar 1778 St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex, Sheffield mausoleum
 b: 1709 Dublin, Ireland
ch: 30th Jun 1709 St. Peter and St. Kevin, Dublin
 b: 1712 London
d: 1768
 
        
Grandfather record
   
   
   
 Isaac Holroydm: 5th Apr 1733 Ely, CambridgeshireDorothy Baker 
 b: 22nd Jul 1708 Dublin, Ireland
ch: 16th Aug 1708 St. Peter and St. Kevin, Dublin
d: 11th Mar 1778 Bath, aged 70 years
bur: 20th Mar 1778 St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex, Sheffield mausoleum
  b: 1704 Penn, Buckinghamshire, daughter of Daniel Baker of Penn, Bucks. And Martha Mellish
d: 29th Aug 1777 Fletching, Sussex, aged 73 years
bur: 4th Sep 1777 St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex, Sheffield mausoleum
  
         
Isaac John Baker Daniel Sarah Martha Elwood Unnamed Martha Dorothy 
b: c 1734 Ireland
d: c 1742 aged 8 years
 b: 21st Dec 1735 Ireland
d: 20th May 1821 Portland Place, London, aged 86 years
bur: June 1821 St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex, Sheffield mausoleum
 b: c 1738 Ireland
d: 30th Jul 1762 Battle of Havanna, West Indies, killed in action
bur: after 30th Jul 1762 The glacis of Moro Fort, Havanna, West Indies
 b: 1739 Ireland
d: January 1820 Somerset
bur: 22nd Jan 1820 St. Swithin, Walcot, near Bath, Somerset
 b: c 1740 Ireland
d: c 1745 died young
 b: c 1742 Ireland
d: c 1742 died soon after her birth
 b: c 1744 Ireland
d: c 1750 died young
 b: 1746 Ireland
d: March 1770 Fletching, Sussex, aged 25 years
bur: 10th Mar 1770 St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex, Sheffield mausoleum
 
                 
Parental record
   
   
   
1st marriage John Baker Holroyd
1st Earl of Sheffield, Baron of Dunamore, Co. Meath, Ireland and Baron of Roscommon
m: 26th Apr 1767 Richmond, LondonAbigail Way 
 b: 21st Dec 1735 Ireland
d: 20th May 1821 Portland Place, London, aged 86 years
bur: June 1821 St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex, Sheffield mausoleum
  b: 1746 daughter of Lewis Way, of Old Court, Richmond, Surrey, and Abigail Lockey
d: 3rd Apr 1793
  
    
 John William Maria Josepha Louisa Dorothea 
 b: 4th Apr 1768 Greave Hall, Yorkshire
ch: 10th Apr 1770 St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex
d: July 1772 Fletching, Sussex
bur: 18th Jul 1772 St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex, Sheffield mausoleum
 b: 3rd Jan 1771
ch: 31st Jan 1771 St. James, Westminster, London
d: 1st Nov 1863 Holmwood, Shiplake, near Henley, Oxfordshire
bur: after 1st Nov 1863 St. Mary's Church, Alderley, Cheshire
 b: 1st Sep 1776 Fletching, Sussex
ch: 7th Oct 1776 St Andrew & St Mary Church
d: 14th May 1854
 
         
Family record
   
2nd marriage John Baker Holroyd
1st Earl of Sheffield
m: 26th Dec 1794Lady Lucy Pelham 
 b: 21st Dec 1735 Ireland
d: 20th May 1821 Portland Place, London, aged 86 years
bur: June 1821 St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex, Sheffield mausoleum
 b: 23rd Feb 1763 daughter of Thomas Pelham, 1st Earl of Chichester, and Anne Frankland
d: 18th Jan 1797
bur: after 18th Jan 1797 St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex, Sheffield mausoleum
   
3rd marriage John Baker Holroyd
1st Earl of Sheffield
m: 20th Jan 1798Lady Anne North 
 b: 21st Dec 1735 Ireland
d: 20th May 1821 Portland Place, London, aged 86 years
bur: June 1821 St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex, Sheffield mausoleum
  b: 8th Jan 1764 daughter of Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford, and Anne Speke
d: 18th Jan 1832
bur: after 18th Jan 1832 St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex, Sheffield mausoleum
  
   
 George Augustus Frederick Charles Anne Frederice Catherine 
 b: 13th Mar 1802
d: 5th Apr 1876 aged 74 years
bur: 13th Apr 1876 St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex
 b: 25th Dec 1804 Fletching, Sussex
ch: 19th Jan 1805 St Andrew & St Mary Church
d: 31st Aug 1829
 
       

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