The Weald of Kent, Surrey and Sussex
Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst, KG, GCB, GCSI, GCMG, GCIE, GCVO, ISO, PC, Viceroy of India, son of Viscount Charles Stewart Hardinge, 2nd Viscount Hardinge of Lahore and Kings Newton and Vicountess Lavinia Hardinge [Bingham]
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Charles Hardinge was born on 20th June 1858 the second son of Charles Hardinge, 2nd Viscount Hardinge of Lahore and Kings Newton and Lavinia Bingham. His grandfather was Field Marshall Henry Hardinge, 1st Viscount Hardinge, a former Governor-General of India.

He was educated at Cheam School, then in 1873 to Harrow School and then in 1876 to Trinity College, Cambridge before entering the diplomatic services in 1880. Over the next 25 years he held posts as first Secretary at Tehran in 1896, first Secretary at Saint Petersburg in 1898, Assistant Under-Secretary for Foreign Affairs in 1903, Ambassador to Russia in 1904, and Permanent Under-Secretary at the Foreign Office in 1906.

In 1910 he was raised to the peerage as 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst, and appointed by the Asquith government as Viceroy of India, a position he held until 1916. He oversaw the visit of King George V in December 1911 and implemented the transfer of the capital of India from Calcutta to New Delhi. The political upheaval of the time led to Hardinge being wounded by a bomb at his state entry into Delhi in 1912, but his time is marked by a steady improvement in relations between the governemt and the nationalists through the implementation of the Morley-Minto reforms and the sympathy he expressed for the passive resistance movement led by Mohandas Gandhi. At the outbreak of World War I in 1914, Charles Hardinge was able to deploy nearly all of the British troops in India as well as many native Indian troops to areas outside of India. In particular the British Indian Army was able to play a significant role in the Mesopotamian campaign.

Hardinge returned to his former post in England as Permanent Under-Secretary at the Foreign Office in 1916, serving with Arthur Balfour. In 1920 he became Ambassador to France before his retirement in 1922. Two volume of memoirs were published posthumously - Old Diplomacy in 1947 and My Indian Years, 1910-1916 in 1948.

In 1890 Charles Hardinge had married his cousin Winifred Selina Sturt (1868-1914) and together they had three children - Edward Charles (1892-1914), Alexander Henry Louis (1894-1960) who succeded him as Baron Hardinge of Penshurst and Diamond Evelyn Violet (1900-1927).

Charles Hardinge died on 2nd August 1944 at Oakfield, Penshurst and is buried at St. Peter's Church, Fordcombe beside his wife.


Date
Type
Information
Source
 
20th Jun 1858
Born
At Dufferin Lodge, Highgate, in London
www.thepeerage.com
 
17th Apr 1890
Married
Winifred Selina Sturt
www.thepeerage.com
 
3rd May 1892
Birth of a son
Edward Charles
www.thepeerage.com
 
17th May 1894
Birth of a son
Alexander Henry Louis
www.thepeerage.com
 
8th Jun 1900
Birth of a daughter
Diamond Evelyn Violet
www.thepeerage.com
 
2nd Aug 1944
Died
At Oakfield in the Parish of Penshurst, Kent; Personal effects: £71,087 15s. 2d.
www.thepeerage.com
 
after 2nd Aug 1944
Buried
At St. Peter's Church in the Parish of Fordcombe, Kent
 

WINIFRED
BARONESS HARDINGE OF PENSHURST, C.I.
WIFE OF
CHARLES, BARON HARDINGE OF PENSHURST, K.G.
BORN, MARCH 17, 1868
DIED, JULY 11, 1914
COME UNTO ME
AND
CHARLES
HER HUSBAND
BORN, JUNE 2, 1858
DIED, AUGUST 2, 1944


Ancestor's report
Descendent's report
Harden, Hardin, Harding, Hardinge, Hurding family records
The ancestral pedigree of Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst, KG, GCB, GCSI, GCMG, GCIE, GCVO, ISO, PC, Viceroy of India
  
 Viscount Charles Stewart Hardinge
2nd Viscount Hardinge of Lahore and Kings Newton
m: 10th Apr 1856Vicountess Lavinia Bingham 
 b: 2nd Sep 1822 London, son of Field Marshall Henry Hardinge, 1st Viscount Hardinge of Lahore and Kings Newton and Lady Emily Jane Stewart
ch: 18th Oct 1822 St. George's Church, Hanover Square, London
d: 28th Jul 1894 Personal effects: £91,516 1s. 6d.
  b: 1836 London, daughter of Field Marshall George Charles Bingham, 3rd Earl of Lucan, and Lady Anne Brudenell
d: 15th Sep 1864
  
         
Henry Charles Charles Arthur Stewart Lavinia Emily Maud Mary Hilda Madelina Robert Nicholas George Arthur 
b: 1st Aug 1857 London
d: 30th Apr 1924 Personal effects: £14,375 13s. 5d.
 b: 20th Jun 1858 Dufferin Lodge, Highgate, London
d: 2nd Aug 1944 Oakfield, Penshurst, Kent, Personal effects: £71,087 15s. 2d.
bur: after 2nd Aug 1944 St. Peter's Church, Fordcombe, Kent
 b: 19th May 1859 London
ch: 5th Jun 1859 St Michael's Church, Highgate, Camden Town, London
d: 5th Jun 1899
 b: 1860 Kensington, London
d: 17th May 1943
 b: 1861 London
d: 28th Nov 1960
 b: 1862 London
d: 31st Oct 1936
 b: 5th Aug 1863 Penshurst, Kent
d: 21st Aug 1946
 b: 1st Sep 1864 Penshurst, Kent
d: 28th Jul 1910
 
                     
Parental record
   
   
   
 Charles Hardinge
1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst, KG, GCB, GCSI, GCMG, GCIE, GCVO, ISO, PC, Viceroy of India
m: 17th Apr 1890Winifred Selina Sturt
Baroness Hardinge of Penshurst
 
 b: 20th Jun 1858 Dufferin Lodge, Highgate, London
d: 2nd Aug 1944 Oakfield, Penshurst, Kent, Personal effects: £71,087 15s. 2d.
bur: after 2nd Aug 1944 St. Peter's Church, Fordcombe, Kent
  b: 17th Mar 1868 daughter of Henry Grerard Sturt, 1st Baron Allington of Crichel, and Lady Augusta Bingham
d: 11th Jul 1914
bur: after 11th Jul 1914 St. Peter's Church, Fordcombe, Kent
  
    
 Edward Charles Alexander Henry Louis Diamond Evelyn Violet 
 b: 3rd May 1892
d: 18th Dec 1914
 b: 17th May 1894
d: 29th May 1960
 b: 8th Jun 1900
d: 11th Jan 1927
 
Family record

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