The Weald of Kent, Surrey and Sussex
Ancestry report for Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst, KG, GCB, GCSI, GCMG, GCIE, GCVO, ISO, PC, Viceroy of India, son of Viscount Charles Stewart Hardinge, 2nd Viscount Hardinge of Lahore and Kings Newton and Vicountess Lavinia Hardinge [Bingham]

© National Portrait Gallery

Charles Hardinge was born on 20th June 1858 the second son of Charles Hardinge, 2nd Viscount Hardinge of Lahore and Kings Newton and Lavinia Bingham. His grandfather was Field Marshall Henry Hardinge, 1st Viscount Hardinge, a former Governor-General of India.

He was educated at Cheam School, then in 1873 to Harrow School and then in 1876 to Trinity College, Cambridge before entering the diplomatic services in 1880. Over the next 25 years he held posts as first Secretary at Tehran in 1896, first Secretary at Saint Petersburg in 1898, Assistant Under-Secretary for Foreign Affairs in 1903, Ambassador to Russia in 1904, and Permanent Under-Secretary at the Foreign Office in 1906.

In 1910 he was raised to the peerage as 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst, and appointed by the Asquith government as Viceroy of India, a position he held until 1916. He oversaw the visit of King George V in December 1911 and implemented the transfer of the capital of India from Calcutta to New Delhi. The political upheaval of the time led to Hardinge being wounded by a bomb at his state entry into Delhi in 1912, but his time is marked by a steady improvement in relations between the governemt and the nationalists through the implementation of the Morley-Minto reforms and the sympathy he expressed for the passive resistance movement led by Mohandas Gandhi. At the outbreak of World War I in 1914, Charles Hardinge was able to deploy nearly all of the British troops in India as well as many native Indian troops to areas outside of India. In particular the British Indian Army was able to play a significant role in the Mesopotamian campaign.

Hardinge returned to his former post in England as Permanent Under-Secretary at the Foreign Office in 1916, serving with Arthur Balfour. In 1920 he became Ambassador to France before his retirement in 1922. Two volume of memoirs were published posthumously - Old Diplomacy in 1947 and My Indian Years, 1910-1916 in 1948.

In 1890 Charles Hardinge had married his cousin Winifred Selina Sturt (1868-1914) and together they had three children - Edward Charles (1892-1914), Alexander Henry Louis (1894-1960) who succeded him as Baron Hardinge of Penshurst and Diamond Evelyn Violet (1900-1927).

Charles Hardinge died on 2nd August 1944 at Oakfield, Penshurst and is buried at St. Peter's Church, Fordcombe beside his wife.


Generation No. 1
1. Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst, KG, GCB, GCSI, GCMG, GCIE, GCVO, ISO, PC, Viceroy of India was the son of (2) Viscount Charles Stewart Hardinge, 2nd Viscount Hardinge of Lahore and Kings Newton and (3) Vicountess Lavinia Hardinge [Bingham]. He was born 20th Jun 1858 at Dufferin Lodge, Highgate, London; died 2nd Aug 1944 at Oakfield, Penshurst, Kent, Personal effects: £71,087 15s. 2d.; buried after 2nd Aug 1944 at St. Peter's Church, Fordcombe, Kent
He married Winifred Selina Sturt on 17th Apr 1890. She was born 17th Mar 1868, daughter of Henry Grerard Sturt, 1st Baron Allington of Crichel, and Lady Augusta Bingham; died 11th Jul 1914; buried after 11th Jul 1914 at St. Peter's Church, Fordcombe, Kent. They had the following children:
iEdward Charles who was born 3rd May 1892; died 18th Dec 1914
iiAlexander Henry Louis who was born 17th May 1894; died 29th May 1960
iiiDiamond Evelyn Violet who was born 8th Jun 1900; died 11th Jan 1927
 
Generation No. 2
2. Viscount Charles Stewart Hardinge, 2nd Viscount Hardinge of Lahore and Kings Newton He was born 2nd Sep 1822 at London, son of Field Marshall Henry Hardinge, 1st Viscount Hardinge of Lahore and Kings Newton and Lady Emily Jane Stewart; christened 18th Oct 1822 at St. George's Church, Hanover Square, London; died 28th Jul 1894, Personal effects: £91,516 1s. 6d.
He married Vicountess Lavinia Bingham on 10th Apr 1856. She was born 1836 at London, daughter of Field Marshall George Charles Bingham, 3rd Earl of Lucan, and Lady Anne Brudenell; died 15th Sep 1864. They had the following children:
iHenry Charles who was born 1st Aug 1857 London; died 30th Apr 1924, Personal effects: £14,375 13s. 5d.
iiCharles who was born 20th Jun 1858 Dufferin Lodge, Highgate, London; died 2nd Aug 1944 Oakfield, Penshurst, Kent, Personal effects: £71,087 15s. 2d.; buried after 2nd Aug 1944 St. Peter's Church, Fordcombe, Kent
iiiArthur Stewart who was born 19th May 1859 London; christened 5th Jun 1859 St Michael's Church, Highgate, Camden Town, London; died 5th Jun 1899
ivLavinia who was born 1860 Kensington, London; died 17th May 1943
vEmily Maud who was born 1861 London; died 28th Nov 1960
viMary Hilda Madelina who was born 1862 London; died 31st Oct 1936
viiRobert Nicholas who was born 5th Aug 1863 Penshurst, Kent; died 21st Aug 1946
viiiGeorge Arthur who was born 1st Sep 1864 Penshurst, Kent; died 28th Jul 1910
 
3. Vicountess Lavinia Hardinge [Bingham] She was born 1836 at London, daughter of Field Marshall George Charles Bingham, 3rd Earl of Lucan, and Lady Anne Brudenell; died 15th Sep 1864
She married Viscount Charles Stewart Hardinge on 10th Apr 1856. He was born 2nd Sep 1822 at London, son of Field Marshall Henry Hardinge, 1st Viscount Hardinge of Lahore and Kings Newton and Lady Emily Jane Stewart; christened 18th Oct 1822 at St. George's Church, Hanover Square, London; died 28th Jul 1894, Personal effects: £91,516 1s. 6d.. They had the following children:
iHenry Charles who was born 1st Aug 1857 London; died 30th Apr 1924, Personal effects: £14,375 13s. 5d.
iiCharles who was born 20th Jun 1858 Dufferin Lodge, Highgate, London; died 2nd Aug 1944 Oakfield, Penshurst, Kent, Personal effects: £71,087 15s. 2d.; buried after 2nd Aug 1944 St. Peter's Church, Fordcombe, Kent
iiiArthur Stewart who was born 19th May 1859 London; christened 5th Jun 1859 St Michael's Church, Highgate, Camden Town, London; died 5th Jun 1899
ivLavinia who was born 1860 Kensington, London; died 17th May 1943
vEmily Maud who was born 1861 London; died 28th Nov 1960
viMary Hilda Madelina who was born 1862 London; died 31st Oct 1936
viiRobert Nicholas who was born 5th Aug 1863 Penshurst, Kent; died 21st Aug 1946
viiiGeorge Arthur who was born 1st Sep 1864 Penshurst, Kent; died 28th Jul 1910
 

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