The Weald of Kent, Surrey and Sussex
Halland Farm [als Halland House]      East Hoathly  
Halland in 1783
Halland in 1783
From the spot where the existing farmhouse now stands, one that was built only in 1770 when the Elizabethan house had been dismantled, we gain an open view in every direction, but we linger most in looking southwards towards those most lovable of all hills, the South Downs, that extend eastwards from Lewes. Certainly this Sir Thomas knew what he was about when he placed his house here. It matters not at what time of day we visit it, whether when the heavy mists of morning partially conceal the distant hills, or later when the sun has dispersed these and swift shadows pass across the soft, grey-blue, velvety surface of the Downland, or, again, in the twilight hour when the setting sun sinks in a glow of rose-colour behind the tall lime trees near by; all is equally lovely, peaceful, and yet invigorating.
extract from Viscountess Wolseley's Halland House


Books and other documents
PublishedTitle, author and references
1835The History, Antiquities and Topography of the County of Sussex by Thomas Walker Horsfield, F.S.A.p. 358
1859Diary of a Sussex Tradesman [Thomas Turner], a Hundred Years Ago by R. W. Blencowe, Esq., M.A. and M. A. Lower, M.A., F.S.A.p. 188
1904Highways and Byways in Sussex by E.V. Lucas ⇒ p. 313
1925Some of the Smaller Manor Houses of Sussex by Viscountess Wolseley ⇒ p. 97

Historical records

c 1533HistoryHalland Farm [als Halland House]Horsfield's Sussex
The ancient mansion and lands of Halland were not, however, at so early a period in the possession of this family; for in 24th Henry VIII., Robert Hall, of Hastings, Esq., by deed of feoffment indented, grants to Robert Oxenbridge and others: "All his lands and tenements called Halland, in Hothly and Laughton, to hold to them, their heirs and assigns for ever, to the use of Robert Hall, for life; then to the use of Robert Hall, his son, for life ; then to the use of the right heirs of Robert Fall, in fee."

1540 to 1557HistoryHallandWaldron by Rev. Ley
Thomas Walsh, and Joan his wife had bought in the previous year [1540] Halland, in East Hoathly, which in 1557 Goddard Walsh, their son, sold to Sir Nicholas Pelham.

1560HistoryHalland Farm [als Halland House]Wolseley's Manor Houses
From 1560 onwards there are entries of baptisms of other Pelhams in the register of East Hoathly church, from which we assume that some members of this family then resided at Halland, although the house they lived in was probably one surrounded by a moat, of which the present Moat Wood alone indicates the site.

1595HistoryHalland Farm [als Halland House]Wolseley's Manor Houses
In 1595, Sir Thomas Pelham, the first Baronet, erected the house at Halland, paying the proportionately humble sum of £80 down and £20 annually for an extension of the beautiful site that Sir Nicholas had previously thought of securing.

1711HistoryHalland Farm [als Halland House]Wolseley's Manor Houses
The first Lord Pelham, the third Baronet, married Lady Grace Holles, the youngest daughter of Gilbert Holles, Earl of Clare. Their son Thomas Pelham succeeded in 1711 to the vast estates of his uncle, the brother of Lady Grace above mentioned, but it was only in 1715 that, through his own merits, he was created Marquis of Clare and Duke of Newcastle-onTyne and became the most striking figure in the story of Halland. His distinction at that time was due to his having, together with his brother Henry Pelham, raised a troop to fight against the Pretender.

c 1724East Hoathly, Sussex - c 1724Part of the 1 inch to 1 mile map of Sussex produced in 1724 by Richard BudgenHalland

9th Jul 1756Diary entryHallandThomas Turner's Diary
"Mr. French cal'd me to go to Laughton with him, in order to see a funerall there - to wit, the Hon. Lady Frances, Dowager of Castlecomers, sister to his Grace the Duke of Newcastle. She was brought to Halland about eleven o'clock, but not taken out of the hearse, and was intered in their family vault at Laughton, about thirty minutes past one, in the sixty-ninth year of her age. The pall was supported by the Hon. Col. Pelham, Sir Francis Poole, - Campion, Esq., T. Pelham, Esq., John Pelham, Esq., and Henry Pelham. The funeral service was read by the Bishop of Chichester. There were three mourning coaches, Mr. Pelham's, and Colonel Pelham's, and the Bishop's."

7th Aug 1756Diary entryHallandThomas Turner's Diary
"This being a publick day at Halland, I spent about two or three hours there in the afternoon, in company with several of our neighbours. There was a great company of people, of all denominations, from a duke to a beggar; among the rest of the nobility were his Grace the Duke of Newcastle, the Hon. Lord Cholmondely, Lord Gage, Earle of Ashburnham, the Lord Chief Justice Mansfield, and Mr. Justice Dennison, and a great number of gentlemen. I was there three times this day. What a small pleasure it is to be in such a concourse of people! - one hour spent in solitude being, in my oppinion, worth more than a whole day in such a tumult; there being nothing but vanity and tumult in such public assemblies, and their mirth being rather obstreperious than serious and agreeable. Oh! how silly is mankind, to delight so much in vanity and transitory joys! "

3rd Aug 1758Diary entryHallandThomas Turner's Diary
"In the even, the Duke of Newcastle came to Halland, as did Lord Gage, Sir Francis Poole, Mr. Shelley, Colonel Pelham, Mr. Pelham, and several more, and stayed all night. What seems very surprising to me in the Duke of Newcastle, is, that he countenances so many Frenchmen, there being ten of his servants, cooks, & etc., which was down here, of that nation."

23rd Aug 1758Diary entryHallandThomas Turner's Diary
"About four P.M., I walked down to Halland, with several more of my neighbours, in order for a rejoicing for the taking of Cape Breton, & etc., where there was a bonfire of six hundred of faggots, the cannon fired, and two barrels of beer given to the populace, and a very good supper provided for the principal tradesmen of this and the neighbouring parishes, as there had been a dinner for the gentlemen of Lewes and the neighbouring parishes. After supper we drank a great many loyall healths, and I came home in a manner quite sober. There was, I believe, near one hundred people entertained at Halland this day, besides the populace, and, so far as I see, everything was carried on with decency and regularity ; tho' I must think the most proper way of rejoicing is by having a general thanksgiving, that the whole nation may give thanks to Him that gives success to our armies, both by sea and land; and I think, to show our outward joy, it might be more properly done by distributing something to the poor.

5th Aug 1759Diary entryHallandThomas Turner's Diary
"I spent most part of to-day in going to and from Halland, there being a public day, where there was to dine with his Grace the Duke of Newcastle, the Earls of Ashburnham and Northampton, Lord Viscount Gage, the Lord Abergavenny, and the two judges of assize, and a great number of gentlemen, there being, I think, upwards of forty coaches, chariots, & etc. I came home about seven, not thoroughly sober. I think it is a scene that loudly calls for the detestation of all serious and considerating people, to see the sabbath prophaned, and turned into a day of luxury and debauchery; there being no less than ten cooks, four of which are French, and perhaps fifty more, as busy as if it had been a rejoicing day. There was such huzzaing that made the very foundations (almost) of the house to shake, and all this by the order and the approbation of almost the next man to the King. Oh, what countenance does such behaviour in a person of his Grace's rank, give to levity, drunkenness, and all sorts of immorality!"

8th Dec 1759Diary entryHallandThomas Turner's Diary
"I walked down to Halland, there being rejoicing, on account that Admiral Hawk hath dispersed a fleet which was preparing to invade this nation. This engagement is looked on as a great advantage, as it has intirely dispersed the fleet, and wholly disconcerted their schemes, so that probably their thoughts of invading these nations must be laid by for some time. We drank a great many loyal toasts. I came home after eleven, after staying in Mr. Porter's wood near an hour and an half, the liquor opperating so much in the head that it rendered my leggs useless. Oh, how sensible I am of the goodness of the Divine Providence, that I am preserved from harm."

7th Oct 1760Diary entryHallandThomas Turner's Diary
"In the even there was a rejocing at Halland, and a bonfire, for our army under the command of General Amherst having taken Montreal and all Canada from the French. All the neighbourhood were regaled with a supper, wine, punch, and strong beer. Today I sent Thomas Durrant to Brighthelmstone for Dr. Poole, who came to my wife in the even. She is prodigiously ill. At home all day, and, thank GOD, pretty busy."

6th Apr 1761Diary entryHallandThomas Turner's Diary
"The morn, down at Halland, where there was, I believe, near five hundred people to attend his Grace to Lewes - the election being there for the county, to-day, but no opposition."

1763A New Map of [North] SussexA New Map of [North] Sussex by Thomas KitchinHallanThomas Kitchin
Thomas Kitchin, an engraver and publisher from c.1738 to 1776, held the appointment of Hydrographer to the King. His output was prolific. He engraved the maps of the British and French dominions in North America by John Mitchell (1755), which was used at the peace coucil at the end of the revolutionary war. In his later years he worked with his son (hence senior after his name in the c.1755 edition of the Small English Atlas). He died in 1784.

18th Nov 1768Diary entryHallandThomas Turner's Diary
One record more he left, and that is an account of the stately funeral of the Duke of Newcastle, who was interred in the family vault at Laughton, on Nov. 18, 1768. "Atchievements very large, embellished and emblazoned,, were placed on Newcastle House and Clearmont House ; two more, of smaller size, on Halland House and Bishopstone House." Twenty-four escutcheons, twelve stars with garters, twelve crests, and a very large ducal coronet, glittered among the funeral trappings. The Bishop of Norwich read the service; four mourning coaches, each drawn by 11 six full-tailed horses, "followed the hearse, which 11 was finely dressed with escutcheons, pendants, shields, starrs and garters, and banners," but with the exception of the first, in which sat John Pelham, Esq., chief mourner, the Bishop of Norwich in his rocket, the Rev. Dr. Hurdis, his Grace's chaplain, and the Rev. Mr. Thomas Hurdis, they were all filled with domestic servants. "His Grace's tenants and the principal inhabitants of East Hothly and Laughton, as also many others of the adjoining parishes, on horseback, two and two, closed the procession;" but not one of the many noble and gentle guests who, as we have seen, had been so often partakers of his noisy but splendid hospitality, followed to the grave the remains of the first and last Duke of Newcastle of the ancient line of Pelham.

1770HistoryHalland Farm [als Halland House]Wolseley's Manor Houses
The existing farmhouse was built in 1770 when the Elizabethan house had been dismantled

1783Halland West FrontHalland West Front, watercolour (17.9 x 26.7cm) painted by Samuel Hieronymus GrimmSamuel Hieronymus Grimm, topographical artist© British Library Board - Shelfmark: Additional MS 5671, Item number: f. 47 (no. 82)

1783South east front, HallandSouth east front, Halland, East Hoathly by Samuel Hieronymus GrimmSamuel Hieronymus Grimm, topographical artistThe Burrell Collection

1783Halland Great CourtHalland Great Court, watercolour (18 x 26cm) painted by Samuel Hieronymus GrimmSamuel Hieronymus Grimm, topographical artist© British Library Board - Shelfmark: Additional MS 5671, Item number: f. 48 (no. 85)

1783The South Court, HallandThe South Court, Halland, East Hoathly by Samuel Hieronymus GrimmSamuel Hieronymus Grimm, topographical artistThe Burrell Collection

1783HallandHalland, East Hoathly by Samuel Hieronymus GrimmSamuel Hieronymus Grimm, topographical artistThomas Turner's Diary

c 1795East Hoathly, Sussex - c 1795Part of the 1 inch to 1 mile map of Sussex produced in 1795 by William Gardner and Thomas GreamHalland

c 1825East Hoathly, Sussex - c 1825Part of the 1 inch to 1 mile map of Sussex produced in 1825 by Christopher and John GreenwoodHalland Place

1867Directory entryBooker Thomas, esq., Halland houseHalland housePost Office Directory

1874Directory entryBooker Thomas, farmer, Halland houseHalland housePost Office Directory
Halland House, once the seat of the Duke of Newcastle, is in this parish; the park is now used as a farm, and is the property of the Earl of Chichester.

3rd Apr 1881CensusPeter Arnold, M, Head, married, age 65, born Laughton; occupation: shepherdPeter Arnold, shepherdHalland Farm1881 Census
East Hoathly, Sussex
3rd Apr 1881CensusSusanna Arnold, F, Wife, married, age 45, born YorkshireSusanna Arnold

3rd Apr 1881CensusBoaz Berry, M, Head, married, age 40, born Rotherfield; occupation: carterBoaz Berry, carterHalland Farm1881 Census
East Hoathly, Sussex
3rd Apr 1881CensusEsther Berry, F, Wife, married, age 40, born LaughtonEsther Berry
3rd Apr 1881CensusWilliam Berry, M, Son, single, age 16, born East HoathlyWilliam Berry
3rd Apr 1881CensusGeorge Berry, M, Son, single, age 14, born East Hoathly; occupation: house boyGeorge Berry
3rd Apr 1881CensusAlfred Berry, M, Son, age 11, born East Hoathly; occupation: scholarAlfred Berry
3rd Apr 1881CensusEllen Berry, F, Daughter, age 9, born East Hoathly; occupation: scholarEllen Berry
3rd Apr 1881CensusFanny Berry, F, Daughter, age 6, born East Hoathly; occupation: scholarFanny Berry
3rd Apr 1881CensusMartin Berry, M, Son, age 2, born East HoathlyMartin Berry
3rd Apr 1881CensusAlbert E. Berry, M, Grandson, age 3 m, born East HoathlyAlbert E. Berry
3rd Apr 1881CensusRowland Burfield, M, Nephew, age 14, born Laughton, occupation: carter boyRowland Burfield
3rd Apr 1881CensusLouisa Burfield, F, Niece, age 12, born Laughton, occupation: scholarLouisa Burfield

c 1899East Hoathly, Sussex - c 1899Part of the 6 inch to 1 mile map of Sussex produced in 1899 by Ordnance SurveyHalland Farm

1925Halland HouseHalland House, East HoathlyWolseley's Manor Houses

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