The Weald of Kent, Surrey and Sussex
Crowborough Tower Mill  Park Road    Crowborough  
Crowborough Mill by Frank Brangwyn
Crowborough Mill by Frank Brangwyn
From the illustration by Frank Brangwyn, R.A., in the book Windmills, taken before it lost its cap, one can see that this was of special interest, in that it was of the Kentish hooded shape, and not of the beehive variety usually associated with Sussex tower mills, the only other example having been Mark Cross Mill, between Tunbridge Wells and Mayfield. The tower was of brick, and at one time was, I believe, tarred black. From its size I fancy that at least three pairs of stones must have been driven by this mill. The sweeps were of the patent self-reefing pattern, and the cap was surmounted by a lofty fan-tail.
extract from Hemming's Windmills


Books and other documents
PublishedTitle, author and references
1936Old Crowborough Windmill by G. H. Paynter ⇒ p. 222
1936Windmills in Sussex by Peter Hemming ⇒ p. 105
1985Crowborough - The Growth of a Wealden Town by Malcolm Payne ⇒ p. 47

Historical records

7th Apr 1861CensusRichd Pratt, M, Head, married, age 44, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: miller & farmerRichard Pratt, miller & farmerCrowborough1861 Census
Rotherfield and Crowborough, Sussex
7th Apr 1861CensusHannah Pratt, F, Wife, married, age 44, born Rotherfield, SussexHannah Pratt
7th Apr 1861CensusJessee Pratt, M, Son, single, age 17, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: miller's loaderJessee Pratt
7th Apr 1861CensusSaml Pratt, M, Son, single, age 15, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: scholarSamuel Pratt
7th Apr 1861CensusWilliam Pratt, M, Son, age 12, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: scholarWilliam Pratt
7th Apr 1861CensusSarah Pratt, F, Daughter, age 9, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: scholarSarah Pratt
7th Apr 1861CensusRichd Pratt, M, Son, age 7, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: scholarRichard Pratt
7th Apr 1861CensusLeah Pratt, F, Daughter, age 5, born Rotherfield, SussexLeah Pratt

2nd Apr 1871CensusRichard Pratt, M, Head, married, age 54, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: miller and farmer of 100 acres employing 5 men and 2 boysRichard Pratt, miller and farmerCrowborough1871 Census
Rotherfield and Crowborough, Sussex
2nd Apr 1871CensusHannah Pratt, F, Wife, married, age 54, born Rotherfield, SussexHannah Pratt
2nd Apr 1871CensusRichard Pratt, M, Son, single, age 17, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: miller's loaderRichard Pratt
2nd Apr 1871CensusLeah Pratt, F, Daughter, single, age 15, born Rotherfield, SussexLeah Pratt
2nd Apr 1871CensusSarah Wickens, F, Granddaughter, age 2, born Rotherfield, SussexSarah Wickens

2nd Apr 1871CensusSamuel Pratt, M, Head, married, age 25, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: grinder in corn millSamuel Pratt, grinder in corn millCrowborough1871 Census
Rotherfield and Crowborough, Sussex
2nd Apr 1871CensusLois Pratt, F, Wife, married, age 24, born Rotherfield, SussexLois Pratt
2nd Apr 1871CensusAnne Pratt, F, Daughter, age 2, born Rotherfield, SussexAnne Pratt
2nd Apr 1871CensusEsther Pratt, F, Daughter, age 3m, born Rotherfield, SussexEsther Pratt
2nd Apr 1871CensusLois Jenner, F, Servant, age 10, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: general servantLois Jenner

3rd Apr 1881CensusObed Fenner, M, Head, married, age 57, born Rotherfield; occupation: farm labourerObed Fenner, smithPratts Cottage1881 Census
Rotherfield, Sussex
3rd Apr 1881CensusHarriett Fenner, F, Wife, married, age 53, born RotherfieldHarriett Fenner [Smith]
3rd Apr 1881CensusEbenezer Fenner, M, Son, age 9, born Rotherfield; occupation: scholarEbenezer Fenner
3rd Apr 1881CensusEllen Fenner, F, Daughter, age 12, born Rotherfield; occupation: scholarEllen Fenner

3rd Apr 1881CensusSamuel Pratt, M, Head, married, age 35, born Rotherfield, employs 2 men and 1 boy; occupation Master millerSamuel PrattWind Mill House1881 Census
Rotherfield, Sussex
3rd Apr 1881CensusLois Pratt, F, Wife, married, age 34, born RotherfieldLois Pratt
3rd Apr 1881CensusAnne Pratt, F, Daughter, age 12, born Rotherfield; occupation School MonitorAnne Pratt
3rd Apr 1881CensusEsther Pratt, F, Daughter, age 10, born Rotherfield; occupation ScholarEsther Pratt
3rd Apr 1881CensusJoseph Pratt, M, Son, age 8, born Rotherfield; occupation ScholarJoseph Pratt
3rd Apr 1881CensusBenjamin T. Pratt, M, Son, age 6, born Rotherfield; occupation ScholarBenjamin T. Pratt

3rd Apr 1881CensusJesse Brown, M, Head, married, age 34, born Buxted; occupation: farm labourerJesse Brown, farm labourerPratts Farm1881 Census
Rotherfield, Sussex
3rd Apr 1881CensusMary Brown, F, Wife, married, age 27, born RotherfieldMary Brown
3rd Apr 1881CensusMary Brown, F, Daughter, age 5, born Rotherfield; occupation: scholarMary Leah Brown
3rd Apr 1881CensusAnne Brown, F, Daughter, age 18 m, born RotherfieldAnne Brown

1890Pratts MillPratts Mill, CrowboroughOld Crowborough Windmill

5th Apr 1891CensusEbenezer Fenner, M, Servant, single, age 19, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation Farm LabourerEbenezer FennerCrowboro Mill1891 Census
Rotherfield, Sussex

5th Apr 1891CensusSamuel Pratt, M, Head, married, age 45, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation Corn MillerSamuel PrattCrowboro Mill1891 Census
Rotherfield, Sussex
5th Apr 1891CensusLois Pratt, F, Wife, married, age 44, born Rotherfield, SussexLois Pratt
5th Apr 1891CensusEsther Pratt, F, Daughter, single, age 20, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation Assists at homeEsther Pratt
5th Apr 1891CensusJoseph Pratt, M, Son, single, age 18, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation Labourer in the MillJoseph Pratt
5th Apr 1891CensusBenj Thos Pratt, M, Son, single, age 16, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation Assistant Labourer in the MillBenjamin T. Pratt
5th Apr 1891CensusHarriet Pratt, F, Visitor, married, age 45, born Mayfield, SussexHarriett Pratt
5th Apr 1891CensusEbenezer Fenner, M, Servant, single, age 19, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: farm labourerEbenezer Fenner

c 1899Crowborough Chapel Green, Sussex - c 1899Part of the 6 inch to 1 mile map of Sussex produced in 1899 by Ordnance SurveyCorn Mill

1905WindmillWindmill, CrowboroughPrivate collection

c 1905Pratts WindmillPratts Windmill, CrowboroughPrivate collection

1910Crowborough Cross from Station RoadCrowborough Cross from Station Road, Crowborough photographed by Webb and Longstaffe, CrowboroughCrowborough Tower MillPrivate collection

2nd Apr 1911CensusLois Pratt, F, Head, widowed, age 64, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation newspaper agentLois PrattThe Mills1911 Census
Crowborough, Sussex
2nd Apr 1911CensusEllen Stevens, F, Sister, married, age 42, born Rotherfield, SussexEllen Stevens

1912HistoryCrowborough Tower MillHemming's Windmills
For some years before it ceased work for good and all, in 1912, it was power-operated by a gas engine, but now no signs of its former activities remain, and the brickwork trunk is of little interest and entirely unattractive to the lover of windmills.

1912Old MillOld Mill, CrowboroughPrivate collection

1923Crowborough MillCrowborough Mill, Crowborough painted by Frank BrangwynWindmills & Watermills

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