The Weald of Kent, Surrey and Sussex
Walshes  Walshes Road    Crowborough  

Books and other documents
PublishedTitle, author and references
1870A Compendious History of Sussex - Volume I. by Mark Antony Lower, M.A.p. 125
1870A Compendious History of Sussex - Volume II. by Mark Antony Lower, M.A.p. 127
1890An Illustrated Guide to Crowborough by Boys FirminBook extract p. 67
1928Rotherfield - The Story of some Wealden Manors by Catharine Pulleinp. 61; p. 336; p. 349; p. 362
1985Crowborough - The Growth of a Wealden Town by Malcolm Payne ⇒ p. 69

Historical records

1277HistoryWalshesPullein's Rotherfield
Sussex Fines of 1277 record "one messuage and two carucatures [100 acres] of land ... Thomas le Waleys grants the said tenement to Roger le Waleys to hold ... and after the decease of Roger wholly to revert to Thomas"

1296Subsidy/tax list10s 6 1/2dThomas le WeylseWeyles, Village of Suthborgh, Hundred of RetherfeldPullein's Rotherfield

1327Subsidy/tax list4s 0 1/2dJohn le WalsheWalshe, Village of Retherfeld, Hundred of RetherfeldPullein's Rotherfield

1332Subsidy/tax list2s 4 3/4dJohn le WalsheWalsh, Village of Rutherfeld, Hundred of RutherfeldPullein's Rotherfield

1332Subsidy/tax list3s 3 1/4dWilliam WalshWalsh, Village of Rutherfeld, Hundred of RutherfeldPullein's Rotherfield

c 1350Tenant listSimon le WelsheOne toft and 100 acres of ancient feoffment, RetherfeldePullein's Rotherfield

c 1350Tenant listSimon le WelsheOne messuage and 4 acres of land, RetherfeldePullein's Rotherfield

c 1350Tenant listWilliam WelssheOne messuage and 60 acres of ancient feoffment, RetherfeldePullein's Rotherfield

c 1390HistoryWalshesPullein's Rotherfield
Sussex Fine of 1390 refers to "Katherine late the wife of William Walsh of Retherfeld, forester, a messuage, 95 acres of land, 12 acres of meadow, 3 acres of wood and 16s 7 1/2d of rent in Retherfeld"

c 1518BirthAlexander FermorWalshesPullein's Rotherfield

1518 to 1582AddressHeadAlexander FermorWalshesPullein's Rotherfield

before 1540AddressHeadWilliam Fermor, of WalshWalshes

1543 to 1582AddressWifeElizabeth Fermor [Fowle]WalshesPullein's Rotherfield

1620 to 1646AddressWifeMary Fermor [Fowle]Walshes

1620 to 1662AddressHeadAlexander FermorWalshes

1624 to 1686AddressSonWilliam FermorWalshes

1667 to 1686AddressSonSir Henry FermorWalshes

1667 to 1689AddressWifeMartha Fermor [Thomas]Walshes

1684 to 1734Occupation OwnerSir Henry FermorWalshesPullein's Rotherfield

c 1724Rotherfield, Sussex - c 1724Part of the 1 inch to 1 mile map of Sussex produced in 1724 by Richard BudgenWalches
seat of Sir Henry Fermor, Baronet

c 1724Strood, Sussex - c 1724Part of the 1 inch to 1 mile map of Sussex produced in 1724 by Richard BudgenWalshes

1734 to 1773Occupation OwnerReverend John FermorWalshesPullein's Rotherfield

c 1735AddressWilliam AshdowneWalshesMonumental Inscriptions at St. Denys Church, Rotherfield

c 1735AddressJane Ashdowne [Moone]WalshesMonumental Inscriptions at St. Denys Church, Rotherfield

1773The North View of Walshes in the Parish of Rotherfield formerly belonging to Sir Henry Fermor B<sup>t</sup>The North View of Walshes in the Parish of Rotherfield formerly belonging to Sir Henry Fermor Bt, watercolour (18.2 x 26.4 cm) painted by Samuel Hieronymus GrimmSamuel Hieronymus Grimm, topographical artist© British Library Board - Shelfmark: Additional MS 5671, Item number: f. 22 (no. 36)

1773 to 1780Occupation OwnerHenry FermorWalshesPullein's Rotherfield

1780 to 1791Occupation OwnerJohn Shirley FermorWalshesPullein's Rotherfield

c 1795Crowborough, Sussex - c 1795Part of the 1 inch to 1 mile map of Sussex produced in 1795 by William Gardner and Thomas GreamWalches Farm

1802 to 1814Occupation OwnerRobert FryWalshesPullein's Rotherfield

21st May 1814InheritanceManor of Walshes otherwise SipsiesPullein's Rotherfield
Extract from Robert Fry's Will: "To my daughter Mary Hannah [wife of my nephew Thomas Fry] my Manor of Walshes otherwise Sipsies with its rights privileges immunities and appurtenances. And also my capital messuage or Mansion House called Walshes with the cottages, barns, stables, outbuildings, farm lands, hereditaments and appurtenances thereto belonging in the parish of Rotherfield containing by admeasurement 307 acres, 2 roods and 12 perches now in tenure or occupation of John Moon his assigns or undertenants ..."
proved 21st May 1814

1814 to 1827Occupation OwnerThomas Fry, gentlemanWalshesPullein's Rotherfield

1827 to 1876Occupation OwnerRobert Burges Fry, landed proprietorWalshesPullein's Rotherfield

1836OwnerWalshesPullein's Rotherfield
Robert Burges Fry, at the age of 21, is entered in the Reeve's book in 1836 as owner of Walshes

26th Feb 1839Stone Cross & Walshes, South of Crowborough - 1839Robert Burgess Fry (occupier and owner)Robert Burges Fry, landed proprietorHouse Garden etc., Buildings (0 acres 3 roods 34 perches) plot 3012Rotherfield Tithe Map

26th Feb 1839Stone Cross & Walshes, South of Crowborough - 1839Thomas Field (occupier) and Robert Burgess Fry (owner)Thomas Field Buss, farmerHouse and Garden, Buildings (0 acres 3 roods 11 perches) plot 3015Rotherfield Tithe Map

6th Jun 1841CensusRobert Fry, M, Head, age 25 to 29, born Sussex; occupation: farmerRobert Burges Fry, landed proprietorWelshes1841 Census
Rotherfield, Sussex
Jemima Fry, F, [Wife], age 22, born SussexJemima Fry [Baldock]
Maria Fry, F, [Daughter], age 1, born SussexMaria Jemima Fry
Hannah Tully, F, [Lodger], age 65 to 69, born Sussex; occupation ServantHannah Tully
Mary Tully, F, [Lodger's daughter], age 22, born SussexMary Tully

6th Jun 1841CensusThomas Field, M, Head, age 48, born Sussex; occupation FarmerThomas Field Buss, farmerWelshes1841 Census
Rotherfield, Sussex
Frances Field, F, [Wife], age 36, born SussexFrances Field Buss [Field]
Frederick Field, M, [Son], age 19, born SussexFrederick Field Buss, farmer
James Field, M, [Son], age 11, born SussexJames Field Buss
William Field, M, [Son], age 1, born SussexWilliam Thomas Field Buss, farmer
Thomas Duplock, M, age 21, born Sussex; occupation: servantThomas Diplock
Mary Wilmshurst, F, age 16, born Sussex; occupation ServantMary Wilmshurst

1842OwnerWalshesPullein's Rotherfield
Robert Burges Fry ... is entered in the Reeve's book in 1842 as owner and occupier of 60 acres called Walshes; as owner of 159 acres also called Walshes but occupied by Thomas Field; and as owner of 114 acres called Walshes of which Henry Kenward was tenant

1851Fry, Robert Burges, esq.Robert Burges Fry, landed proprietorWalshesPost Office Directory

30th Mar 1851CensusHead, employs 2 people; occupation: farmerThomas Field Buss, farmerWalshes1851 Census
Rotherfield, Sussex
WifeFrances Field Buss [Field]
Son; occupation: employed on farmFrederick Field Buss, farmer
Son; occupation: employed on farmJames Field Buss
Son; occupation: scholarWilliam Thomas Field Buss, farmer
Daughter; occupation: scholarField Frances Allcorn [Field Buss]
Servant; occupation: farm labourerJohn Guest
Servant; occupation: general servantHarriett Brooman [Dadswell]

30th Mar 1851CensusHead; occupation: landed proprietorRobert Burges Fry, landed proprietorWalshes1851 Census
Rotherfield, Sussex
WifeJemima Fry [Baldock]
DaughterMary Louisa Fry
SonThomas Burgess Fry
Servant; occupation: house servantSarah Luck
Servant, occupation: house servantEllen Cottingham
Father-in-law, widowed, occupation: landed proprietorWilliam Baldock, landed proprietor

7th Apr 1861CensusRobert Burges Fry, M, Head, married, age 45, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: landed proprietorRobert Burges Fry, landed proprietorWalshes1861 Census
Rotherfield and Crowborough, Sussex
Jemima Fry, F, Wife, married, age 41, born Mayfield, SussexJemima Fry [Baldock]
Lewis J Fry, M, Son, single, age 18, born Rotherfield, SussexLewis Fry
Elizabeth Fry, F, Daughter, age 16, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: scholarElizabeth Martha Fry
Mary Fry, F, Daughter, age 13, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: scholarMary Louisa Fry
Jemima Fry, F, Daughter, age 7, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: scholarJemima Hannah Fry
Jane Fry, F, Daughter, age 5, born Rotherfield, SussexJane Caroline Fry
William Fry, M, Son, age 2, born Rotherfield, SussexWilliam Walter Baldock Fry
Charles Morton, M, Visitor, single, age 19, born Ripon, Yorkshire; occupation: volunteer department War Office Charles Morton
Elizabeth Paige, F, Servant, single, age 38, born Clapham, Surrey; occupation: governessElizabeth Paige
Sarah Smith, F, Servant, single, age 20, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: cookSarah Smith
Philadelphia Couchman, F, Servant, single, age 21, born Withyham, Sussex; occupation: house maidPhiladelphia Stevenson [Couchman]
Sarah Payne, F, Servant, single, age 14, born Tunbridge, Kent; occupation: nurse maidSarah Payne

7th Apr 1861CensusFrancis Field Buss, F, Head, widowed, age 57, born Wadhurst, Sussex; occupation: farmer of 200 acres employing 4 men and 3 boysFrances Field Buss [Field]Walshes1861 Census
Rotherfield and Crowborough, Sussex
William T F Buss, M, Son, single, age 21, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: farmer's sonWilliam Thomas Field Buss, farmer
Frances F Buss, F, Daughter, single, age 17, born Rotherfield, SussexField Frances Allcorn [Field Buss]
William Homewood, M, Servant, single, age 33, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: farm servantWilliam Holmwood, farm labourer
William T F Buss, M, Servant, age 13, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: carter's mateWilliam Thomas Field Buss, farm labourer

1867Directory entryFry Robert Burgess, esq., WalshesWalshesPost Office Directory

1867Directory entryField Thos. & Frederick, farmers, WelchesWelchesPost Office Directory

2nd Apr 1871CensusFredrick Field, M, Head, married, age 48, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: farmer of 150 acres employing 1 man and 1 boyFrederick Field Buss, farmerWalshes1871 Census
Rotherfield and Crowborough, Sussex
Sarah Field, F, Wife, married, age 42, born Rotherfield, SussexSarah Field Buss [Wickens]
Sarah Ann Field, F, Daughter, single, age 19, born Rotherfield, SussexSarah Ann Field Buss
Frances Field, F, Daughter, single, age 17, born Rotherfield, SussexFrances Hook [Field Buss]
James Tho Field, M, Son, age 8, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: scholarJames Thomas Field Buss
Fredrick Field, M, Son, age 5, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: scholarFrederick Field Buss
Phebe Field, F, Servant, single, age 26, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: general servantPhoebe Brooman [Field Buss]
Elizabeth Field, F, Visitor, age 4, born Rotherfield, SussexElizabeth Field Buss
William Field, M, Servant, single, age 24, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: farm servantWilliam Thomas Field Buss, farm labourer
Stephen Wigmore, M, Servant, single, age 16, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: farm servantStephen Wigmore

2nd Apr 1871CensusWilliam Smith, M, Head, married, age 60, born Gravesend, Kent; occupation: trampWilliam Smith, trampBrick Barn1871 Census
Rotherfield and Crowborough, Sussex
Mary Ann Smith, F, Wife, married, age 50, born Reigate, SurreyMary Ann Smith

2nd Apr 1871CensusGeorge Brooman, M, Head, single, age 17, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: farm labourerGeorge BroomanWalshes1871 Census
Rotherfield and Crowborough, Sussex

1874Directory entryFry Misses, WalshesWalshesPost Office Directory

c 1875Stone Cross & Walshes, South of Crowborough - c 1875Part of the 6 inch to 1 mile map of Sussex produced in 1875 by Ordnance SurveyWalshs Farm

1876Occupation OwnerRobert Matthews HeronWalshesPullein's Rotherfield

3rd Apr 1881CensusSarah Field, F, Head, widowed, age 52, born Rotherfield, employs 5 men; occupation: farmerSarah Field Buss [Wickens]Welshes1881 Census
Rotherfield, Sussex
Sarah A. Field, F, Daughter, single, age 30, born Rotherfield; occupation: domestic servantSarah Ann Field Buss
Thomas J. Field, M, Son, single, age 18, born Rotherfield; occupation: farm servantJames Thomas Field Buss
Frederick Field, M, Son, single, age 15, born Rotherfield; occupation: farm servantFrederick Field Buss
Albert Preebess, M, Servant, single, age 21, born Rotherfield; occupation CarterAlbert Preebess

3rd Apr 1881CensusAmos Patchett, M, Head, married, age 66, born Lincolnshire; occupation FarmerAmos PatchettWelshes1881 Census
Rotherfield, Sussex
Ann Patchett, F, Wife, married, age 63, born LincolnshireAnn Patchett
Joseph Lilley, M, Step Son, single, age 21, born Rotherfield; occupation: coachmanJoseph Lilley
Elizabeth Patchett, F, [Grand]daughter, age 6, born Rotherfield; occupation ScholarElizabeth Patchett

1882Directory entryPatchett Amos, farmer, WalshesWalshesKelly's Directory

1890HistoryWalshesFirmin's Guide

The manor house, "Walshes," is perhaps the most interesting place, from its having been the family residence of Sir Henry Fermor, Bart., the founder of the Fermor Chapel and School. It is said to have been in the possession of the family of Fermor for more than 200 years.

The ancestors of Sir Henry came originally from Picardy, in France, and took up their abode in England during the reign of Edward III.

The Manor derived its name from the family of Walsh. The original house stood on a different site from the present one, and there are indications of its having been surrounded by a moat.

The present house was built by Alexander Fermor and his wife, Elizabeth Fowle, in the sixteenth century. On the oak beam over the door, within the porch, their monograms are carved, with the date 1551.

"Sir Henry Fermor was made a baronet in 1726 and died in 1734. By his patent of baronetcy the title descended to his kinsman, Sir C. Eversfield, of Denne Park, Horsham, and became extinct in 1784."

Walshes is situated in the district of Jarvis Brook. The way to it from Crowborough is through White Hill, near the end of which the road branches off to the left. Some distance down this road the second turning on the right-hand side leads through a gate to the house.

It is snugly placed under the lee of the hill, and sheltered from the north and east winds. At the private gate is a fine old oak tree, with innumerable branches extending widely in all directions.

We may give its age as at least 400 years There is a small stream running by the side of the road, which probably supplied the moat, for a little way further on we come to three or four pieces of water, which are fed by this stream, and which probably formed part of the moat which surrounded the old mansion.


5th Apr 1891CensusWilliam Booker, M, Head, married, age 41, born Buxted, Sussex, occupation: farm labourerWilliam Booker, farm labourerWelshes1891 Census
Rotherfield, Sussex
Hannah Booker, F, Wife, married, age 42, born Buxted, SussexHannah Booker
George Booker, M, Son, single, age 18, born Buxted, Sussex, occupation: farm labourerGeorge Booker
Hurcules Booker, M, Son, age 12, born Buxted, Sussex, occupation: farm labourerHurcules Booker
Elizabeth Booker, F, Daughter, age 10, born Buxted, Sussex, occupation: scholarElizabeth Booker
Benjamin Booker, M, Son, age 8, born Buxted, Sussex, occupation: scholarBenjamin Booker
Joseph Booker, M, Son, age 4, born Buxted, SussexJoseph Booker

5th Apr 1891CensusAlfred Rapley, M, Head, married, age 23, born Uckfield, Sussex; occupation BlacksmithAlfred RapleyWelshes1891 Census
Rotherfield, Sussex
France Rapley, F, Wife, married, age 26, born Crowborough, SussexFrance Rapley
Matilda Crittal, F, Visitor, single, age 14, born Withyham, Sussex; occupation: general domestic servantMatilda Crittal
Annie Rapley, F, Sister, single, age 25, born Uckfield, Sussex; occupation DressmakerAnnie Rapley

5th Apr 1891CensusJohn Plumber Chapman, M, Head, married, age 46, born Ripe, Sussex, occupation: land agentJohn Plumber Chapman, land agentWelshes1891 Census
Rotherfield, Sussex
Mary Chapman, F, Wife, married, age 42, born Muswell Hill, MiddlesexMary Chapman
Harold John Chapman, M, Son, single, age 17, born Lewes, Sussex, occupation: land agent's assistantHarold John Chapman
Florence Mary Chapman, F, Daughter, age 13, born Lewes, SussexFlorence Mary Chapman
Dorothy Grace Chapman, F, Daughter, age 10, born Lewes, SussexDorothy Grace Chapman
Cecil Darby Chapman, M, Son, age 6, born Lewes, SussexCecil Darby Chapman
Maria Elizabeth Darby, F, Visitor, age 32, born Highgate, MiddlesexMaria Elizabeth Darby
Maria Elizabeth Hoar, F, Servant, age 29, born Washington, Sussex; occupation: cookMaria Elizabeth Hoar
Florence Holmwood, F, Servant, age 16, born Haywards Heath, Sussex; occupation: housemaidFlorence Holmwood

27th Feb 1893HistoryWalshesPullein's Rotherfield
"Walshes has been burnt down in the night"

c 1899Stone Cross & Walshes, South of Crowborough - c 1899Part of the 6 inch to 1 mile map of Sussex produced in 1899 by Ordnance SurveyWalshs Manor

2nd Apr 1911CensusEllen Payne, F, Head, single, age 25, born Rugby, Warwickshire; occupation: parlourmaid (in charge)Ellen Payne, parlourmaid (in charge)Walsh Manor, Jarvis Brook1911 Census
Crowborough, Sussex
Elizabath Kate Withers, F, Servant, single, age 32, born Bosham, Sussex; occupation: housemaidElizabath Kate Withers
Emily Louisa Griffith, F, Servant, single, age 18, born Walthamstow, Essex; occupation: underhousemaidEmily Louisa Griffith

2nd Apr 1911CensusAlbert Plaw, M, Head, married, age 28, born Netley, Hampshire; occupation: gardenerAlbert Plaw, gardenerWalsh Manor Stables, Jarvis Brook1911 Census
Crowborough, Sussex
Lily Plaw, F, Wife, married 8 years, age 32, born Bp'S Waltham, HampshireLily Plaw
Winifred Plaw, F, Daughter, age 6, born Jarvis Brook, SussexWinifred Plaw
Constance Plaw, F, Daughter, age 5, born Jarvis Brook, SussexConstance Plaw
Reginald Plaw, M, Son, age 3, born Jarvis Brook, SussexReginald Plaw

2001TodayWalsh Manor

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