The Weald of Kent, Surrey and Sussex
Shernfold      Frant  

Books and other documents
PublishedTitle, author and references
1830Guide of Tunbridge Wells ⇒ p. 84
1832Descriptive Sketches of Tunbridge Wells and the Calverley Estate by John Britton, F.S.A. ⇒ p. 111
1835The History, Antiquities and Topography of the County of Sussex by Thomas Walker Horsfield, F.S.A.p. 406
1947Frant - A Parish History by Henry S. Eeles ⇒ p. 167; p. 191

Historical records

c 1724Eridge Park, Sussex - c 1724Part of the 1 inch to 1 mile map of Sussex produced in 1724 by Richard BudgenShernfold

1763A New Map of [North] SussexA New Map of [North] Sussex by Thomas KitchinSherndenThomas Kitchin
Thomas Kitchin, an engraver and publisher from c.1738 to 1776, held the appointment of Hydrographer to the King. His output was prolific. He engraved the maps of the British and French dominions in North America by John Mitchell (1755), which was used at the peace coucil at the end of the revolutionary war. In his later years he worked with his son (hence senior after his name in the c.1755 edition of the Small English Atlas). He died in 1784.

1808[North] Sussex[North] Sussex by G.Cole and engraved by J.RoperShernfold PlG. Cole
The British atlas; comprising a series of county maps…intended to illustrate and accompany 'The beauties of England and Wales' published 1808.

1820 to 1836HistoryShernfold

Lieutenant-Colonel John By was born in 1779 and baptised at St Mary Lambeth on 10 August 1779, the second son of George By and his wife Mary, née Bryan. They lived in Archbishop's Walk, Lambeth, and all held positions at the Customs House where his father was chief searcher. After passing through the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich, John By was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Royal Artillery on 1 August 1799 and transferred to the Royal Engineers on 20 December. He was commissioned as a lieutenant on 18 April 1801 and in the same year married Elizabeth Johnson Baines, daughter of Cuthbert Baines of Penzance. In August 1802 John By went to Canada, where he was involved in repairs to the Cascades bateaux canal on the St Lawrence and superintended the construction of four Martello towers for the defence of Quebec. In 1811 he was in Portugal and took part in the first seige of Badajos and in January 1812 he took charge of rebuilding the gunpowder works at Waltham Abbeyand he also became engineer-in-charge of the works at Enfield, Faversham and Purfleet.

John's first wife Elizabeth died in 1814 of cholera and on 14 March 1818 he married Esther, daughter of John March of Harley Street and granddaughter of John Raymond Barker of Fairford Park, Gloucestershire. He remained in charge of the gunpowder works until August 1821 when he was retired on half pay. In January of the previous year John By had purchased Shernfold Park in Frant from James Cranbourne Strode; the house had been built in 1790 by Charles Pigou, a gunpowder manufacturer.

In April 1826 John By went again to Canada, having been selected to design and construct a military canal between the Ottawa River and Lake Ontario, safe from attack by the Americans. The town which grew up around his headquarters, originally named Bytown, was renamed Ottawa after the union of Upper and Lower Canada. The story of this prodigious feat of engineering, of the parliamentary censure of John By, his recall in October 1832 and the subsequent committee of enquiry are told in "Building the Rideau Canal: A Pictorial History" (Robert W Passfield, Parks Canada, 1982) and is depicted on History of the Rideau

In the remaing few years prior to his death on 1st February 1836, John By extended the Shernfold Estate by purchasing numerous adjacent properties. He is buried at St Albans Church in Frant.

In 1924 the Rideau Canal was designated a Canadian historical site and in June 2007 the Rideau Canal was inscribed on the World Heritage List by UNESCO's World Heritage Committee. The Rideau Canal World Heritage Site includes the Rideau Canal, Fort Henry and the Kingston Fortifications. The Canal extends 202 kilometres from Ottawa in the north to Kingston Harbour on Lake Ontario in the south.

See also

c 1825Eridge Park, Sussex - c 1825Part of the 1 inch to 1 mile map of Sussex produced in 1825 by Christopher and John GreenwoodShernfold Park

c 1830Shernfold ParkShernfold Park, Frant by T. Henwood and engraved by C. J. SmithHorsfield's Sussex

1st Feb 1836DeathLieutenant-Colonel John ByShernfold 

6th Jun 1841CensusJohn Card, M, Head, age 45 to 49, born Sussex; occupation: farm labourerJohn Card, farm labourerShern Fold Lodge1841 Census
Frant, Sussex
Mary Card, F, [Wife], age 40 to 44, born SussexMary Card [Weaver]
William Russell, M, age 70 to 74, born Sussex; occupation Farm labourerWilliam Russell

6th Jun 1841CensusWilliam Shoesmith, M, Head, age 30 to 34, born Sussex; occupation GARDENERWilliam ShoesmithSpring Lodge1841 Census
Frant, Sussex
Ann Shoesmith, F, [Wife], age 35 to 39Ann Shoesmith
William Shoesmith, M, [Son], age 3, born SussexWilliam Shoesmith

6th Jun 1841CensusJames Upton, M, Head, age 30 to 34; occupation ServantJames UptonShernfold House Stables1841 Census
Frant, Sussex
Thomas Collins, M, age 20 to 24, occupation: servantThomas Collins

6th Jun 1841CensusHon. Percy Ashburnham, M, Head, age 40 to 44; occupation independentHon. Percy AshburnhamShernfold House1841 Census
Frant, Sussex
Esther Ashburnham, F, age 20 to 24, born SussexEsther March Ashburnham [By]
Mary Roper, F, age 35 to 39; occupation ServantMary Roper
Matilda Easten, F, age 20 to 24, born Scotland; occupation: servantMatilda Easten
Fanny Banks, F, age 25 to 29, born Sussex, occupation: servantFanny Banks
Mary Roper, F, age 15 to 19; occupation ServantMary Roper
James Boarer, M, age 20 to 24, born Sussex; occupation: servantJames Boarer
James Thacker, M, age 16; occupation ServantJames Thacker

6th Jun 1841CensusEdward Stevens, M, Head, age 38, born Sussex; occupation: farm labourerEdward Stevens, farm labourerShernfold Porters Lodge1841 Census
Frant, Sussex
Jane Stevens, F, [Wife], age 36, born SussexJane Stevens
Sarah Stevens, F, [Daughter], age 9, born SussexSarah Stevens
Catherine Stevens, F, [Daughter], age 7, born SussexCatherine Caroline Stevens
Jane Stevens, F, [Daughter], age 5, born SussexJane Stevens
Thomas Stevens, M, [Son], age 3, born SussexThomas Stevens
Elizabeth Stevens, F, [Daughter], age 9 months, born SussexElizabeth Stevens

1851Directory entryAshburnham the Hon. Prcy., Shernfold pkShernfold pkPost Office Directory

30th Mar 1851CensusHead; widowedEdward Stevens, farm labourerShernfold Lodge1851 Census
Frant, Sussex
Daughter; occupation: housekeeperCatherine Caroline Stevens
Daughter; occupation: scholarJane Stevens
Son; occupation: scholarThomas Stevens

30th Mar 1851CensusHead; occupation COACHMANCharles RandallStable Cottage1851 Census
Frant, Sussex
WifeMaria Randall
SonCharles Randall
SonWilliam Randall

30th Mar 1851CensusDaughterMary Katherine AshburnhamShernfold1851 Census
Frant, Sussex
Servant; occupation BUTLERGeorge Quelch
Servant; occupation HOUSEKEEPEREmily Quelch
Servant; widowed; occupation NURSEMary Phillips
Servant; occupation: housemaidMargaret Milson
Servant; occupation: housemaidFanny Goble
Servant; occupation KITCHENMAIDLouisa Shipway
Servant; occupation: pageRobert Holloway

7th Apr 1861CensusJohn Easton, M, Head, married, age 57, born Scotland; occupation: gardener and domestic servantJohn Easton, gardener and domestic servantShernfold Garden1861 Census
Frant and Tunbridge Wells, Sussex

7th Apr 1861CensusHannah Armitage, F, Servant, single, age 47, born Emlay, Yorkshire; occupation: housekeeperHannah ArmitageShernfold Park1861 Census
Frant and Tunbridge Wells, Sussex
Ann Evans, F, Servant, single, age 27, born Romney, Kent; occupation: cook and domestic servantAnn Evans
Charlotte Appleton, F, Servant, single, age 24, born Strathfieldsay, Berkshire; occupation: housemaidCharlotte Appleton
Martha Cathcart, F, Servant, single, age 19, born Scotland; occupation: kitchen maidMartha Cathcart
William Clarke, M, Servant, single, age 26, born Canterbury, Kent; occupation: footmanWilliam Clarke

7th Apr 1861CensusGeorge Gilbert, M, Head, married, age 55, born Frant, Sussex; occupation: gardener's labourerGeorge Gilbert, farm labourerPorter's Lodge, Shernfold Park1861 Census
Frant and Tunbridge Wells, Sussex
Deborah Gilbert, F, Wife, married, age 60, born Cricklade, WiltshireDeborah Gilbert

7th Apr 1861CensusWilliam Allcorn, M, Head, married, age 31, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: carterWilliam Allcorn, labourerPorter's Lodge, Shernfold Park1861 Census
Frant and Tunbridge Wells, Sussex
Mary A Allcorn, F, Wife, married, age 27, born Rotherfield, SussexMary Ann Stevens [Allcorn] [Hemsley]
William Allcorn, M, Son, age 6, born Pembury, Kent; occupation: scholarWilliam Allcorn
George Allcorn, M, Son, age 2, born Frant, SussexGeorge Allcorn

7th Apr 1861CensusCharles Randall, M, Head, married, age 50, born Exeter, Devon; occupation: coachman and domestic servantCharles Randall, coachman and domestic servantShernfold Stables Lodge1861 Census
Frant and Tunbridge Wells, Sussex
Maria Randall, F, Wife, married, age 40, born High Wycombe, BuckinghamshireMaria Randall
Charles Randall, M, Son, age 12, born Frant, Sussex; occupation: scholarCharles Randall
William Randall, M, Son, age 10, born Frant, Sussex; occupation: scholarWilliam Randall
Maria Randall, F, Daughter, age 6, born Frant, Sussex; occupation: scholarMaria Randall

1867Directory entryAshburnham Hon. Percy, Shernfold prkShernfold prkPost Office Directory
Shernfold Park is the residence of the Hon. Percy Ashburnham; the mansion is of Kentish rag stone; it is in the Italian style, and was built in 1855 by the present proprietor.

2nd Apr 1871CensusCharles Randall, M, Head, married, age 62, born Ivybridge, Devon; occupation: formerly coachman; handicap: paralizedCharles Randall, formerly coachmanShernfold Lodge Gatre1871 Census
Frant and Tunbridge Wells, Sussex
Maria Randall, F, Wife, married, age 53, born Welford, BerkshireMaria Randall
Maria Randall, F, Daughter, single, age 16, born Frant, SussexMaria Randall

2nd Apr 1871CensusMary A Bareham, F, Servant, single, age 32, born Hundon, Suffolk; occupation: upper domestic housemaidMary A. BarehamShernfold House1871 Census
Frant and Tunbridge Wells, Sussex
Louisa F Carter, F, Servant, single, age 21, born Worthing, Sussex; occupation: under domestic housemaidLouisa F. Carter
John Matthewick, M, married, age 69, born Frant, Sussex; occupation: domestic dairymanJohn Matthewick

2nd Apr 1871CensusAlexander Sieveright, M, Head, married, age 48, born Scotland; occupation: head gardenerAlexander Sieveright, head gardenerShernfold Garden House1871 Census
Frant and Tunbridge Wells, Sussex
Sarah Sieveright, F, Wife, married, age 48, born Warfield, BerkshireSarah Sieveright
Albeniea Sieveright, F, Daughter, single, age 6, born Warfield, BerkshireAlbeniea Sieveright

2nd Apr 1871CensusEdward Stevens, M, Head, widowed, age 67, born Frant, Sussex; occupation: farm labourerEdward Stevens, farm labourerShernfold Lodge, Bells Yew Green Road1871 Census
Frant and Tunbridge Wells, Sussex
Albert Richman, M, Son-in-law, married, age 36, born Lymington, Hampshire; occupation: bricklayerAlbert Richman
Catherine Richman, F, Daughter, married, age 37, born Frant, Sussex; occupation: housekeeperCatherine Richman
Lucy Richman, F, Granddaughter, age 2, born Frant, SussexLucy Richman
Mary A Richman, F, Granddaughter, age 6m, born Frant, SussexMary A. Richman

1874Directory entryAshburnham Hon. Percy, Shernfold parkShernfold parkPost Office Directory
Shernfold Park is the residence of the Hon. Percy Ashburnham ; the mansion is of Kentish rag stone; it is in the Italian style, and was built in 1855 by the present proprietor.

c 1875South of Frant, Sussex - c 1875Part of the 6 inch to 1 mile map of Sussex produced in 1875 by Ordnance SurveyShernfold

3rd Apr 1881CensusAlice Packham, F, Head, widowed, age 77, born Mayfield; occupation: annuitantAlice Packham [Mann]Shernfold Lodge, Frant Green1881 Census
Frant, Sussex
Ada Burchell, F, Daughter, married, age 37, born WadhurstAda Burchell [Packham]
Mary Packham, F, Granddaughter, single, age 27, born Horsmonden; occupation: dairy maidMary Packham
Edward Burchell, M, Grandson, age 5, born Wadhurst, occupation: scholarEdward Burchell
Montague Burchell, M, Grandson, age 3, born FrantMontague Burchell
George Burchell, M, Grandson, age 1, born FrantGeorge Burchell

3rd Apr 1881CensusMary Harmer, F, Head, single, age 38, born Heathfield; occupation: housemaidMary HarmerShernfold House1881 Census
Frant, Sussex

3rd Apr 1881CensusAlice Coe, F, Head, single, age 21, born Essex, occupation: housemaidAlice Coe, housemaidShernfold House1881 Census
Frant, Sussex

3rd Apr 1881CensusAlfred E. Allcorn, M, Head, single, age 17, born Frant; occupation: house boyAlfred Edward AllcornShernfold House1881 Census
Frant, Sussex

3rd Apr 1881CensusAlexanda Suvewright, M, Head, married, age 54, born Scotland; occupation GardenerAlexanda SuvewrightShernfold Garden House1881 Census
Frant, Sussex
Sarah Suvewright, F, Wife, married, age 58, born BerkshireSarah Suvewright
Albinia Suvewright, F, Daughter, single, age 16, born Berkshire; occupation Pupil TeacherAlbinia Suvewright

1882Directory entryShernfoldKelly's Directory
Shernfold Park is the seat of the Hon. John Ashburnham; the mansion is of Kentish ragstone, in the Italian style, and was built by the late Hon. Percy Ashburnham, in 1855.

1882Directory entryAshburnham Katherine, Countess of, Shernfold parkShernfold parkKelly's Directory

1882Directory entryAshburnham Hon. John, Shernfold parkShernfold parkKelly's Directory

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