The Weald of Kent, Surrey and Sussex
The Hollands    Langton Green  Tunbridge Wells  

Books and other documents
PublishedTitle, author and references
1766The History of Tunbridge Wells by Thomas Benge Burr ⇒ p. 157
1797The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent - Volume III by Edward Hastedp. 284
1840New Guide for Tunbridge Wells by John Colbran and edited by James Phippen ⇒ p. 267

Historical records

c 1835BuiltDesigned by Decimus BurtonThe Hollands

Decimus Burton was born on 30th September 1800 in the parish of St Pancras, London, and christened in Old Church, St Pancras on 18th July 1802, the tenth son of James Haliburton and his wife, Elizabeth (nee Westley). James Haliburton, later Burton, (1761-1837) was one of the most significant builders of Georgian London, responsible for large areas of Bloomsbury, as well as St. Johns Wood and Clapham Common and, in collaboration with John Nash, the development of Regents Park. In 1828 he started building a new seaside town at St. Leonards near Hastings based closely on his experiences at Regents Park. The first four children were christened Haliburton but from 1794 onwards the remaining six children were all christened as Burton. The fourth child, James Haliburton (1788 - 1862), was to have an eminent career as an Egyptologist. After the birth of their last child, Jesse, in 1804, the family moved to Mabledon, Quarry Hill, Tonbridge and Decimus Burton was educated at Tonbridge School followed by several years in the Royal Academy Schools in Somerset House where Sir John Soane was Professor of Architecture.

Through his father's connections, Decimus gained many early commisions in Regents Park in London (including the family residence at The Holme) before gaining the design for his first major public building at the Colosseum in 1823, followed by the Ionic Screen at Hyde Park Corner in 1825, the Wellington Arch at Hyde Park Corner in 1826, Cornwall Terrace in Regents Park, the Athenaeum Club in Pall Mall and Trinity Church, Tunbridge Wells in 1827, Charing Cross Hospital in 1831, Fleetwood, Lancashire in 1836, and, later in 1846, The Palm House at Kew. In 1850 Decimus began the second phase of building at St Leonards on Sea, originally, commenced by his father

In 1826, the 870 acreage Calverley Estate was acquired by John Ward J.P., M.P. (1776-1855). He commisioned Decimus Burton "to erect a number of edifices suitable to the reception of genteel families, and simultaneously with the larger buildings, a number of shops, etc in their immediate neighbourhood, so that residents upon the estate might enjoy the same advantages as those who lived nearer the Springs." By 1839 all the Calverley Park villas were complete and Decimus Burton had taken possesion of No 4. In that same year the Calverley House (previously Mount Pleasant House) had been extensively refurbished and extended by Decimus Burton. In the years that followed his commisions in Tunbridge Wells and the surrounding area were extensive and included The Grove at Penshurst, Burrswood at Groombridge, Bentham Hill and St Peters Church at Southborough, Hollands at Langton Green and St Marys Church at Riverhead.

In 1832 Decimus Burton was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society and he continued in practice until 1869. In his later years, he spent his time as a lifelong batchelor between his properties at Gloucester Gardens, Hyde Park and St Leonards in Sussex. He died on 14th December 1881 in his home in London and is buried at Kensal Green cemetery.

For more information about James and Decimus Burton see the Hastings Museum web site

See also

3rd Apr 1881CensusStanley Puckle, M, Head, married, age 42, born Camberwell, Surrey; occupation Member of the London Stock ExchangeStanley PuckleThe Hollands1881 Census
Speldhurst, Kent
Emily Puckle, F, Wife, married, age 35, born London, MiddlesexEmily Puckle
Emily A. Puckle, F, Daughter, age 14, born Clapham, Surrey; occupation ScholarEmily A. Puckle
Jessie Puckle, F, Niece, age 13, born Brixton, Surrey; occupation ScholarJessie Puckle
Mary E. Vorley, F, Visitor, age 14, born Hornsey Rise, Middlesex; occupation ScholarMary E. Vorley
Ann C. Clark, F, Governess, single, age 29, born Eton, Buckingham; occupation: governessAnn C. Clark
Sarah A. Hard, F, Servant, single, age 31, born Eldenfield, Worcester; occupation: cookSarah A. Hard
Mary Vockinge, F, Servant, single, age 45, born Lambourn, Berkshire; occupation Parlour maidMary Vockinge
Catherine Ginks, F, Servant, single, age 29, born Tetbury, Gloucester; occupation: housemaidCatherine Ginks
Elizabeth Hopp, F, Servant, single, age 23, born Norwich, Norfolk; occupation: lady's maidElizabeth Hopp
Martha Ann West, F, Servant, single, age 23, born London, Middlesex; occupation KitchenmaidMartha Ann West
Harry H. Edwards, M, Servant, single, age 18, born Langton, Kent; occupation: footmanHarry H. Edwards

3rd Apr 1881CensusStephen Stiff, M, Head, single, age 20, born Higham, Suffolk; occupation: groom and gardenerStephen Stiff, groom and gardenerThe Hollands Stables1881 Census
Speldhurst, Kent

c 1920The Hollands' Lodge, Forest LaneThe Hollands' Lodge, Forest Lane, Langton GreenPrivate collection

The Weald is at  Database version 13.6 which has ongoing updates to the 393,326 people; 9,000 places; 613 maps; 3,308 pictures, engravings and photographs; and 248 books loaded in the previous version

Fasthosts web site  
British Libarary  
High Weald  
Sussex Family History Group  
Sussex Record Society  
Sussex Archaeological Society  
Kent Archaeological Society  
Mid Kent Marriages  
Genes Reunited  
International Genealogical Index  
National Archives  

of the