The Weald of Kent, Surrey and Sussex
Buckhurst House [a.k.a. Stoneland Lodge]    Withyham Village  Withyham  

Books and other documents
PublishedTitle, author and references
1766The History of Tunbridge Wells by Thomas Benge Burr ⇒ p. 265
1810Tunbridge Wells and its Neighbourhood by Paul Amsinck and Letitia Byrnep. 75
1830Guide of Tunbridge Wells ⇒ p. 162
1832Descriptive Sketches of Tunbridge Wells and the Calverley Estate by John Britton, F.S.A. ⇒ p. 142
1840New Guide for Tunbridge Wells by John Colbran and edited by James Phippen ⇒ p. 280
1883Pelton's Illustrated Guide to Tunbridge Wells by J. Radford Thomson, M.A. ⇒ p. 143
1902Historical Notes of Withyham, Hartfield and Ashdown Forest by C. N. Suttonp. 99
1904Highways and Byways in Sussex by E.V. Lucas ⇒ p. 400
1909English Homes and Villages (Kent & Sussex)
also published as
Tunbridge Wells and its Neighbourhood by Lady Hope ⇒ p. 95
1931Wealden Iron by Ernest Straker ⇒ p. 253
1938A Buckhurst Diary by Henry Cheal ⇒ p. 392

Historical records

1596Occupation Keeper of the Little Park of BuckhurstAndrew SackvilleBuckhurst House [a.k.a. Stoneland Lodge]Buckhurst Terrier

c 1597Stonelande Parck, The Manor of Buckhurst - c 1597Part of the maps produced in 1597 in the Buckhurst TerrierThe Lodge

1645[North] Sussex[North] Sussex by Jan BlaeuStonland parkJan Blaeu

c 1724Withyham, Sussex - c 1724Part of the 1 inch to 1 mile map of Sussex produced in 1724 by Richard BudgenStoneland Park

1743HistoryBuckhurstSutton's Historical Notes
The oldest portion of the present house [Buckhurst] - the house-keeper's room, the long passge, and old kitchen, etc - dates back to 1743, which is the date on the stack pipe near one of the new towers.

1783South View of Viscount Sackville's house at StonelandSouth View of Viscount Sackville's house at Stoneland, watercolour (18 x 26 cm) painted by Samuel Hieronymus GrimmSamuel Hieronymus Grimm, topographical artist© British Library Board - Shelfmark: Additional MS 5671, Item number: f. 9 (no. 12)

1785Buckhurst House [a.k.a. Stoneland Lodge]Sutton's Historical Notes
In a drawing dated 1785, it is called Stoneland House, and the entrance is something like the present; but the remainder of the building, although gabled, is very different.

1st Sep 1787[North] Sussex[North] Sussex by John CaryStoneland ParkJohn Cary
John Cary, apprenticed to William Palmer in 1770, went into business in 1783 as a publisher of maps, plans and road-books. He was highly successful and is referred to as the founder of the modern English School of Cartography by H.G. Fordham

c 1795North of Crowborough, Sussex - c 1795Part of the 1 inch to 1 mile map of Sussex produced in 1795 by William Gardner and Thomas GreamStoneland Park

1809StonelandStoneland, Withyham by Paul Amsinck & engraved by Letitia ByrneLetitia ByrneAmsinck's Tunbridge Wells

1827BirthMary Pollard

1838CensusHead; belongs to Withyham ParishJames MairBuckhurst1838 Census
Withyham, Sussex
Employed by Earl De La Warr

1838CensusHead; belongs to Withyham ParishGeorge DennisBuckhurst1838 Census
Withyham, Sussex
Employed by Earl De La Warr

1838CensusHead; occupation GardenerThomas WilsonBuckhurst1838 Census
Withyham, Sussex

1838CensusHead; widowed; belongs to Withyham Parish; occupation: gate keeperMrs GodsmarkBuckhurst Gate1838 Census
Withyham, Sussex
Employed by Earl De La Warr; receives from Earl De La Warr 2s 6d per week and from the Releiving Officer 1s and 1 gallon of flour
Child Godsmark
Child Godsmark
GranddaughterGranddaughter Godsmark

1840Buckhurst ParkBuckhurst Park, Withyham by R. W. SmartColbran's Tunbridge Wells

6th Jun 1841CensusMiles Newman, M, Head, age 56; occupation: carpenterMiles Newman, carpenterBuckhurst Park House1841 Census
Withyham, Sussex
William Groves, M, age 66, born Sussex; occupation: servantWilliam Groves
Mary Ann Swan, F, age 25 to 29; occupation ServantMary Ann Swan
Mary Heslop, F, age 65 to 69; occupation: servantMary Heslop

6th Jun 1841CensusThomas Wilson, M, Head, age 40 to 44; occupation GardenerThomas WilsonGarden House, Buckhurst Park1841 Census
Withyham, Sussex
Sarah Wilson, F, [Wife], age 45 to 49Sarah Wilson
Eliza Wilson, F, [Daughter], age 16Eliza Wilson
Elizabeth Wilson, F, [Daughter], age 11Elizabeth Wilson
Thomas Wilson, M, [Son], age 8, born SussexThomas Wilson
Thomas Young, M, age 25 to 29; occupation GardenerThomas Young

30th Mar 1851CensusHead; occupation: peer of the realmGeorge John Sackville-West, 5th Earl De La WarrBuckhurst1851 Census
Withyham, Sussex
Wife; occupation: peeressLady Elizabeth Sackville-West [Sackville], Countess De La Warr
SonHon. William Edward Sackville-West
DaughterLady Arabella Diana Sackville-West
Servant; occupation HousemaidCatherine Watkins
Servant; occupation: steward's room boyHenry Holmes
Servant; occupation KitchenMaidMary A. Roader
Visitor; occupation Queens Maid Of HonourMary F. Seymour
Servant; occupation: lady's maidSarah Mallett
Servant; occupation: cookJane Brown
Servant; occupation: nursery maidElizabeth Cole
Servant; occupation: groomHenry Hills
Servant; occupation: groomJohn Lovelock
Servant; occupation: butlerWilliam Lozer
VisitorLady Georgina Bathurst
Servant, occupation: lady's maidHarriett Colbran
Servant; occupation: footmanJames Meir
HousemaidAnn Hewit
Servant; occupation Under ButlerWilliam Salmon
Servant; widowed; occupation Lady'S MaidHannah Warburton
Servant; occupation: stillroom maidSarah A. Holmes
Servant; widowed; occupation HousekeeperCaroline Young
Servant; occupation: nurseMary Haslop

30th Mar 1851CensusHead; occupation GardenerThomas WilsonBuckhurst Gardens1851 Census
Withyham, Sussex
WifeSarah Wilson
DaughterElizabeth S Wilson

30th Mar 1851CensusHead; occupation: millerJohn Homewood, millerDairy House1851 Census
Withyham, Sussex
WifeMary Ann Homewood
Brother; occupation: millerHenry Homewood, miller
Nurse; occupation: nurseHannah Harding [Hemsley]
Apprentice; occupation: miller's apprenticeLuther Page
Niece; occupation: house servantAnn Brooker

30th Mar 1851CensusHead; occupation: carpenterMiles Newman, carpenterDairy House1851 Census
Withyham, Sussex
WifeElizabeth Newman
Daughter, blindSarah H Newman

1867Directory entryDe La Warr The Right Hon. Earl, Buckhurst parkBuckhurst parkPost Office Directory
Buckhurst Park, the residence of the Earl and Countess De La Warr, forms a beautiful feature in the picturesque scenery in this parish the mansion is in the Elizabethan and Tudor styles

1874Directory entryDe La Warr Earl, Buckhurst parkBuckhurst parkPost Office Directory
Buckhurst Park, the seat of the Earl De La Warr, forms a beautiful feature in the picturesque scenery in this parish: the mansion is in the Ellzabethan and Tudor styles. Earl De La Warr is lord of the manor and chief landowner.

c 1875Buckhurst, Balls Green, St Mary's & St Michael's, Hartfield & Withyham - c 1875Part of the 6 inch to 1 mile map of Sussex produced in 1875 by Ordnance SurveyBuckhurst Park

3rd Apr 1881CensusAlfred Gregory, M, Head, married, age 44, born Shropshire; occupation: land agentAlfred Gregory, land agentBuckhurst Park1881 Census
Withyham, Sussex
Jane Gregory, F, Wife, married, age 45, born YorkshireJane Gregory
Catherine Beavis, F, Visitor, single, age 23, born LondonCatherine Beavis
Edward Bate, M, Visitor, single, age 21, born WorcestershireEdward Bate
Ellin Avis, F, Servant, single, age 26, born Withyham; occupation: cookEllin Avis
Louisa Avis, F, Servant, single, age 20, born Withyham; occupation: housemaidLouisa Twiner [Avis]
Mary Jane Avis, F, Servant, single, age 17, born Withyham; occupation: housemaidMary Jane Avis

3rd Apr 1881CensusHannah Bradley, F, Wife Head, married, age 39, born KentHannah BradleyBuckhurst Park1881 Census
Withyham, Sussex
Edward Jno. Bradley, M, Son, age 10, born Sevenoaks, occupation: scholarEdward Junior Bradley
Henry Bradley, M, Son, age 8, born Sevenoaks, occupation: scholarHenry Bradley
Frank Bradley, M, Son, age 4, born WithyhamFrank Bradley

1882Directory entryDe la Warr Earl, 60 Grosvenor street w. & Carlton & White's clubs, London s.w; and Buckhurst ParkBuckhurst ParkKelly's Directory

1882Directory entryGregory Alfred, agent to Earl De la Warr, BuckhurstBuckhurstKelly's Directory

5th Apr 1891CensusElizabeth Dadswell, F, Head, widowed, age 54, born Hadlow, Kent; occupation: housekeeperElizabeth Dadswell, housekeeperBuckhurst1891 Census
Withyham, Sussex
Lillie Olding, F, Servant, single, age 23, born Berkeley, France; occupation: HousemaidLillie Olding
George F Pryke, M, Servant, married, age 50, born Willsham, Suffolk; occupation: CoachmanGeorge F Pryke
Emma A Pryke, F, Visitor, single, age 23, born Richmond, Surrey; handicap: DeafEmma A Pryke

5th Apr 1891CensusJohn F Herritt, M, Head, married, age 56, born Withyham, Sussex; occupation: gardenerJohn F Herritt, gardenerGardeners Cottage1891 Census
Withyham, Sussex
Mary A Herritt, F, Wife, married, age 55, born Withyham, SussexMary A Herritt
Emma Herritt, F, Daughter, single, age 19, born Withyham, Sussex; occupation: cookEmma Herritt
Ann E Herritt, F, Daughter, single, age 18, born Withyham, Sussex; occupation: cookAnn E Herritt
George Herritt, M, Son, single, age 17, born Withyham, Sussex; occupation: gardenerGeorge Herritt

5th Apr 1891CensusAmos Twiner, M, Head, married, age 49, born Withyham, Sussex; occupation: carpenterAmos Twiner, carpenterCarpenters Cottage1891 Census
Withyham, Sussex
Sarah Twiner, F, Wife, married, age 45, born Withyham, SussexSarah Twiner [Thorpe]
Emma Twiner, F, Daughter, single, age 15, born Withyham, SussexEmma Twiner
Ernest Twiner, M, Son, single, age 14, born Withyham, Sussex; occupation: scholarErnest Twiner
Harriet Twiner, F, Daughter, single, age 11, born Withyham, Sussex; occupation: scholarHarriet Twiner
Ethel H Twiner, F, Daughter, single, age 7, born Withyham, Sussex; occupation: scholarEthel Hester Twiner
Frank Twiner, M, Son, single, age 5, born Withyham, SussexFrank Twiner
Sarah A Twiner, F, Daughter, single, age 3, born Withyham, SussexSarah Ann Twiner

5th Apr 1891CensusWilliam Holmes, M, Head, married, age 45, born Withyham, Sussex; occupation: parkkeeperWilliam Holmes, parkkeeperBuckhurst Lodge1891 Census
Withyham, Sussex
Sarah Holmes, F, Wife, married, age 42, born Withyham, SussexSarah Holmes
Arthur Vonsden, M, Nephew, single, age 15, born Maidstone, Kent; occupation: farm labourerArthur Vonsden
Emily Martin, F, Visitor, single, age 38, born Withyham, Sussex; occupation: cookEmily Martin

5th Apr 1891CensusJoseph Akehurst, M, Head, married, age 81, born Withyham, Sussex; occupation: PensionerJoseph Akehurst, farm labourerBuckhurst Park1891 Census
Withyham, Sussex
Mary Akehurst, F, Wife, married, age 75, born Withyham, SussexMary Akehurst [Avis]

5th Apr 1891CensusJames Mepham, M, Head, married, age 50, born Withyham, Sussex; occupation: woodsmanJames Mepham, farm labourerBuckhurst Park1891 Census
Withyham, Sussex
Harriet Mepham, F, Wife, married, age 46, born Withyham, Sussex; occupation: laundressHarriet Mepham [Smithers]
Peter Mepham, M, Son, single, age 21, born Withyham, Sussex; occupation: farm labourerPeter Mepham
Ephraim Mepham, M, Son, single, age 18, born Withyham, Sussex; occupation: farm labourerEphraim Mepham
Ebenezer Mepham, M, Son, single, age 12, born Withyham, Sussex; occupation: scholarEbenezer Mepham
Jesse Mepham, M, Son, age 5, born Withyham, Sussex; occupation: scholarJesse Mepham

c 1900BuckhurstBuckhurst, Withyham photographed by G. GlanvilleSutton's Historical Notes

1910Lake Front at BuckhurstLake Front at Buckhurst, WithyhamPrivate collection

2nd Apr 1911CensusAmos Twiner, M, Head, widower, age 70, born Withyham, Sussex; occupation: estate carpenterAmos Twiner, estate carpenterBuckhurst Park, Withyham1911 Census
Withyham and Groombridge, Sussex
Harriett Twiner, F, Daughter, single, age 30, born Withyham, SussexHarriett Twiner
Frank Rees, M, Grandson, age 9, born Chelsea, LondonFrank Rees

2nd Apr 1911CensusAlbert Henry Plumbridge, M, Head, married, age 28, born Slough, Buckinghamshire; occupation: private electric light plant attendantAlbert Henry Plumbridge, private electric light plant attendantBuckhurst Park1911 Census
Withyham, Sussex
Rose Maria Plumbridge, F, Wife, married 4 years, age 30, born Slough, BuckinghamshireRose Maria Plumbridge
Lilian Sarah Plumbridge, F, Daughter, age 2, born Slough, BuckinghamshireLilian Sarah Plumbridge

2nd Apr 1911CensusJohn Thomas Philpott, M, Head, married, age 54, born East Dean, Hampshire; occupation: gardenerJohn Thomas Philpott, gardenerBuckhurst Gardens1911 Census
Withyham, Sussex
Ellen Philpott, F, Wife, married 15 years, age 44, born Hempnall, NorfolkEllen Philpott
Reginald Thomas Philpott, M, Son, single, age 18, born Netley Abbey, Hampshire; occupation: seaman, Royal NavyReginald Thomas Philpott
Edward Clement Philpott, M, Son, age 13, born Hinton Admiral, Hampshire; occupation: schoolEdward Clement Philpott
Robert Ansell Philpott, M, Son, age 11, born Hinton Admiral, Hampshire; occupation: schoolRobert Ansell Philpott
Olive Bensley, F, Mother-in-law, widow, age 83, born Horsham, Sussex; occupation: private meansOlive Bensley

2nd Apr 1911CensusArthur Berrill, M, Head, single, age 28, born Castle Ashbury, Northamptonshire; occupation: gardenerArthur Berrill, gardenerBuckhurst Gardens1911 Census
Withyham, Sussex
Thomas Elphick, M, Lodger, single, age 19, born East Grinstead, Sussex; occupation: gardenerThomas Elphick

2nd Apr 1911CensusGeorge Money, M, Head, single, age 30, born Woodhay, Hampshire; occupation: gardenerGeorge Money, gardenerBuckhurst Gardens1911 Census
Withyham, Sussex

2nd Apr 1911CensusFrank Hill, M, Head, single, age 32, born Helsham, Lincolnshire; occupation: coachmanFrank Hill, coachmanBuckhurst Stables1911 Census
Withyham, Sussex
Edward Bradbury, M, Servant, single, age 36, born West Hyde, Hertfordshire; occupation: groomEdward Bradbury
William Taskin, M, Servant, single, age 16, born Withyham, Sussex; occupation: stable boyWilliam Taskin
William Hearns, M, Servant, married, age 31, born Berkshire; occupation: groomWilliam Hearns

2nd Apr 1911CensusRobert Henry Benson, M, Head, married, age 60, born Farfield, Lancashire; occupation: merchant bankerRobert Henry Benson, merchant bankerBuckhurst1911 Census
Withyham, Sussex
Guy Holford Benson, M, Son, single, age 22, born London; occupation: undergraduate at OxfordGuy Holford Benson
Edward James Leys Shuttleworth, M, Visitor, single, age 21, born London; occupation: undergraduate at OxfordEdward James Leys Shuttleworth
Walter Chown, M, Servant, single, age 24, born Berwick St John, Wiltshire; occupation: footmanWalter Chown
Frederick Goodwin, M, Servant, single, age 35, born London; occupation: oddmanFrederick Goodwin
Mary Ann Fowles, F, Servant, single, age 36, born Worcestershire; occupation: head housemaidMary Ann Fowles
Beatrice Louisa Bickham, F, Servant, single, age 31, born Taunton, Somerset; occupation: second housemaidBeatrice Louisa Bickham
Mary Ann Kedge, F, Servant, single, age 24, born Richmond, Middlesex; occupation: third housemaidMary Ann Kedge
Edith Arnup, F, Servant, single, age 21, born Norwich, Norfolk; occupation: fourth housemaidEdith Arnup
Elsie Philpotts, F, Servant, single, age 19, born Aldershot, Wiltshire; occupation: fifth housemaidElsie Philpotts
Martha Innes, F, Servant, single, age 21, born Backingham, Buckinghamshire; occupation: second kitchen maidMartha Innes
Emma Butter, F, Servant, single, age 20, born Upper Heyford, Oxfordshire; occupation: understill room maidEmma Butter

2nd Apr 1911CensusMargaret Stewart, F, Head, married, age 36, born Blairgowrie Perthshire, ScotlandMargaret StewartBuckhurst Stables1911 Census
Withyham, Sussex
Rose Harriet Stewart, F, Daughter, single, age 15, born Dunoon Argyllshire, ScotlandRose Harriet Stewart
Charles Hogg Stewart, M, Son, single, age 14, born Dunoon Argyllshire, ScotlandCharles Hogg Stewart
Selina Margaret Stewart, F, Daughter, single school years, age 15, born Dunoon Argyllshire, Scotland; occupation: schoolSelina Margaret Stewart
Margaret Evelyn Stewart, F, Daughter, single, age 6, born Dunoon Argyllshire, ScotlandMargaret Evelyn Stewart
Isabel McLordloch Stewart, F, Daughter, single, age 4, born Clifton, Bristol, SomersetIsabel McLordloch Stewart

1913The Hollies, near Buckhurst ParkThe Hollies, near Buckhurst Park, WithyhamPrivate collection

1914BuckhurstBuckhurst, WithyhamPrivate collection

1920BuckhurstBuckhurst, Withyham photographed by H. Camburn, Tunbridge WellsPrivate collection

1925Buckhurst LakeBuckhurst Lake, Withyham photographed by H. Camburn, Tunbridge WellsPrivate collection

1938BuckhurstBuckhurst, WithyhamA Buckhurst Diary

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