The Weald of Kent, Surrey and Sussex

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Ancestry report for John Baker Holroyd, 1st Earl of Sheffield, Baron of Dunamore, Co. Meath, Ireland and Baron of Roscommon, son of Isaac Holroyd and Dorothy Holroyd [Baker]

© National Portrait Gallery

John Holroyd the son of Isaac Holroyd and Dorothy Baker was born in Ireland on 21st December 1735. The name of Holroyd is of great antiquity in the West Riding of Yorkshire and is derived from the hamlet or estate of Holroyd (or Howroyd as it is pronounced in Bark-Island, six miles from Halifax). William de Howroyde possessed these lands in the reign of King Edward I. From him is descended John Holroyd's great grandfather Isaac Holroyde who went to Ireland in the reign of Charles II where he acquired considerable possessions. John's father Isaac was educated at Hackney school and afterwards at Doctor Sheridan's in Dublin before entering the University of Dublin and afterwards at the Middle Temple, London. Isaac married Dorothy , the youngest daughter of Daniel Baker of Penn, Bucks. In 1768 John Holroyd succeeded to the estates of his mother's brother, the Rev. Jones Baker, and took the name Baker before Holroyd.

John Holroyd entered the Marquis of Granby's regiment of light dragoons called the Royal Foresters in 1760 where he was Captain of a troop. When peace arrived in 1763 and the regiment was disbanded, John Holroyd travelled for three years across Europe. It was in Lausanne in September 1763 that he met the historian Edward Gibbon (1737-1794) who became a life-long friend and confidant. Gibbon wrote: "I have conceived a sincere friendship for Holroyd. He possesses great good sense and honourable sentiments, with a heart the best disposed in the world." When Gibbon died in 1794 he was interred at the Sheffield mausoleum in Fletching church and two years later John Holroyd edited and published the two volume Memoirs of the Life and Writings of Edward Gibbon, Esq.

Throughout his adult life Holroyd was active in politics and wrote extensively on the issues of the day. He entered parliament as M.P. for Coventry in 1780, for Bristol in 1790, and in 1809 he was admited to the Privy Council and Board of Trade, a position he held until his death in 1821

In 1769, John Holroyd purchased Sheffield Park from Lord de La Warr for £31,000. He commenced on extensive changes and developments of the property and its surrounding 120 acres of woodland park. In 1776 he engaged the architect James Wyatt (1746-1813) to enlarge and modernise the 16th century house in a Gothic style. He also engaged first Lancelot 'Capability' Brown (1716-1783) and then Humphrey Repton (1752-1818) to landscape the gardens.

John Holroyd married in 1767, Abigail Way daughter of Lewis Way and Abigail Lockey, and they had three children, John William, Maria Josepha and Louisa Dorothea. After Abigail's death in 1793, he married, in 1794, Lucy Pelham daughter of Thomas Pelham, 1st Earl of Chichester, and Anne Frankland. After her death in 1797, he married, in 1798, Ann North the daughter of Frederick North 2nd Earl of Guilford, and Anne Speke in 1798 and they had two children, George Augustus Frederick Charles (who later became 2nd Earl of Sheffield) and Anne Frederice Catherine.

Sheffield Park was the principal residence of the Holroyds but they also had property in London at Portland Place where, at the age of 86, he died on 20th May 1821. His body was interred at Fletching Church in June where the memorial inscription on the decorated screen in the Sheffield mausoleum is immediately above the inscription for his close friend Edward Gibbon


See also The History, Antiquities and Topography of the County of Sussex by Thomas Walker Horsfield, published in 1835 and


Generation No. 1
1. John Baker Holroyd, 1st Earl of Sheffield, Baron of Dunamore, Co. Meath, Ireland and Baron of Roscommon was the son of (2) Isaac Holroyd and (3) Dorothy Holroyd [Baker]. He was born 21st Dec 1735 at Ireland; 1st Baron Sheffield, of Dunamore, co. Meath, Ireland 9th Jan 1781; 1st Baron Sheffield, of Roscommon, Ireland 20th Sep 1783; 1st Baron Sheffield, of Sheffield, Yorkshire 29th Jul 1802; 1st Earl of Sheffield 16th Jan 1816; 1st Viscount of Pevensey 16th Jan 1816; died 20th May 1821 at Portland Place, London, aged 86 years; buried Jun 1821 at St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex, Sheffield mausoleum
He married (1) Abigail Way on 26th Apr 1767 at Richmond, London. She was born 1746, daughter of Lewis Way, of Old Court, Richmond, Surrey, and Abigail Lockey; died 3rd Apr 1793. They had the following children:
iJohn William who was born 4th Apr 1768 Greave Hall, Yorkshire; christened 10th Apr 1770 St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex; died Jul 1772 Fletching, Sussex; buried 18th Jul 1772 St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex, Sheffield mausoleum
iiMaria Josepha who was born 3rd Jan 1771; christened 31st Jan 1771 St. James, Westminster, London; died 1st Nov 1863 Holmwood, Shiplake, near Henley, Oxfordshire; buried after 1st Nov 1863 St. Mary's Church, Alderley, Cheshire
iiiLouisa Dorothea who was born 1st Sep 1776 Fletching, Sussex; christened 7th Oct 1776 St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex; died 14th May 1854
He married (2) Lady Lucy Pelham on 26th Dec 1794. She was born 23rd Feb 1763, daughter of Thomas Pelham, 1st Earl of Chichester, and Anne Frankland; died 18th Jan 1797; buried after 18th Jan 1797 at St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex, Sheffield mausoleum
He married (3) Lady Anne North on 20th Jan 1798. She was born 8th Jan 1764, daughter of Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford, and Anne Speke; died 18th Jan 1832; buried after 18th Jan 1832 at St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex, Sheffield mausoleum. They had the following children:
iGeorge Augustus Frederick Charles who was born 13th Mar 1802; died 5th Apr 1876, aged 74 years; buried 13th Apr 1876 St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex
iiAnne Frederice Catherine who was born 25th Dec 1804 Fletching, Sussex; christened 19th Jan 1805 St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex; died 31st Aug 1829
 
Generation No. 2
2. Isaac Holroyd was the son of (4) John Holroyde and (5) Sarah Holroyde [Elwood]. He was born 22nd Jul 1708 at Dublin, Ireland; christened 16th Aug 1708 at St. Peter and St. Kevin, Dublin, Ireland; died 11th Mar 1778 at Bath, aged 70 years; buried 20th Mar 1778 at St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex, Sheffield mausoleum
He married Dorothy Baker on 5th Apr 1733 at Ely, Cambridgeshire. She was born 1704 at Penn, Buckinghamshire, daughter of Daniel Baker of Penn, Bucks. And Martha Mellish; died 29th Aug 1777 at Fletching, Sussex, aged 73 years; buried 4th Sep 1777 at St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex, Sheffield mausoleum. They had the following children:
iIsaac who was born c 1734 Ireland; died c 1742, aged 8 years
iiJohn Baker who was born 21st Dec 1735 Ireland; died 20th May 1821 Portland Place, London, aged 86 years; buried Jun 1821 St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex, Sheffield mausoleum
iiiDaniel who was born c 1738 Ireland; died 30th Jul 1762 Battle of Havanna, West Indies, killed in action; buried after 30th Jul 1762 The glacis of Moro Fort, Havanna, West Indies
ivSarah Martha who was born 1739 Ireland; died Jan 1820 Somerset; buried 22nd Jan 1820 St. Swithin, Walcot, near Bath, Somerset
vElwood who was born c 1740 Ireland; died c 1745, died young
viUnnamed who was born c 1742 Ireland; died c 1742, died soon after her birth
viiMartha who was born c 1744 Ireland; died c 1750, died young
viiiDorothy who was born 1746 Ireland; died Mar 1770 Fletching, Sussex, aged 25 years; buried 10th Mar 1770 St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex, Sheffield mausoleum
 
3. Dorothy Holroyd [Baker] She was born 1704 at Penn, Buckinghamshire, daughter of Daniel Baker of Penn, Bucks. And Martha Mellish; died 29th Aug 1777 at Fletching, Sussex, aged 73 years; buried 4th Sep 1777 at St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex, Sheffield mausoleum
She married Isaac Holroyd on 5th Apr 1733 at Ely, Cambridgeshire. He was the son of John Holroyde and Sarah Holroyde [Elwood]. He was born 22nd Jul 1708 at Dublin, Ireland; christened 16th Aug 1708 at St. Peter and St. Kevin, Dublin, Ireland; died 11th Mar 1778 at Bath, aged 70 years; buried 20th Mar 1778 at St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex, Sheffield mausoleum. They had the following children:
iIsaac who was born c 1734 Ireland; died c 1742, aged 8 years
iiJohn Baker who was born 21st Dec 1735 Ireland; died 20th May 1821 Portland Place, London, aged 86 years; buried Jun 1821 St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex, Sheffield mausoleum
iiiDaniel who was born c 1738 Ireland; died 30th Jul 1762 Battle of Havanna, West Indies, killed in action; buried after 30th Jul 1762 The glacis of Moro Fort, Havanna, West Indies
ivSarah Martha who was born 1739 Ireland; died Jan 1820 Somerset; buried 22nd Jan 1820 St. Swithin, Walcot, near Bath, Somerset
vElwood who was born c 1740 Ireland; died c 1745, died young
viUnnamed who was born c 1742 Ireland; died c 1742, died soon after her birth
viiMartha who was born c 1744 Ireland; died c 1750, died young
viiiDorothy who was born 1746 Ireland; died Mar 1770 Fletching, Sussex, aged 25 years; buried 10th Mar 1770 St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex, Sheffield mausoleum
 
Generation No. 3
4. John Holroyde was the son of (6) Isaac Holroyde, merchant and (7) Mary Holroyde [Holroide]. He was born 1680; died 1729
He married Sarah Elwood on 18th Sep 1707 at St. Catherine's Church, Dublin, Ireland. She was born c 1685, daughter of William Elwood and Sarah Tomlinson. They had the following children:
iIsaac who was born 22nd Jul 1708 Dublin, Ireland; christened 16th Aug 1708 St. Peter and St. Kevin, Dublin, Ireland; died 11th Mar 1778 Bath, aged 70 years; buried 20th Mar 1778 St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex, Sheffield mausoleum
iiMary who was born 1709 Dublin, Ireland; christened 30th Jun 1709 St. Peter and St. Kevin, Dublin, Ireland
iiiWilliam who was born 1712 London; died 1768
 
5. Sarah Holroyde [Elwood] She was born c 1685, daughter of William Elwood and Sarah Tomlinson
She married John Holroyde on 18th Sep 1707 at St. Catherine's Church, Dublin, Ireland. He was the son of Isaac Holroyde, merchant and Mary Holroyde [Holroide]. He was born 1680; died 1729. They had the following children:
iIsaac who was born 22nd Jul 1708 Dublin, Ireland; christened 16th Aug 1708 St. Peter and St. Kevin, Dublin, Ireland; died 11th Mar 1778 Bath, aged 70 years; buried 20th Mar 1778 St Andrew & St Mary Church, Fletching, Sussex, Sheffield mausoleum
iiMary who was born 1709 Dublin, Ireland; christened 30th Jun 1709 St. Peter and St. Kevin, Dublin, Ireland
iiiWilliam who was born 1712 London; died 1768
 
Generation No. 4
6. Isaac Holroyde, merchant was the son of (8) George Holroyde and (9) Susan Holroyde [Whiteley]. He was born c 1647 at Rishworth, Elland, Yorkshire; died 1706 at Dublin, Ireland
He married (1) Mary Holroide on c 1675. She was the daughter of John Holroide and Mary Holroide [Crosley]. She was born 1654 at Cockcroft, Yorkshire. They had the following children:
iJohn who was born 1680; died 1729
iiMary who was born c 1685
He married (2) Marie Ryley on 1686 at Ripponden, Yorkshire. She was born c 1665
He married (3) Elizabeth Wright on 27th Jan 1696 at St. Andrew's Church, Dublin, Ireland. She was born c 1675
He married (4) Elizabeth Shaw on 14th Jan 1699 at St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire. She was born c 1675
 
7. Mary Holroyde [Holroide] was the daughter of (10) John Holroide and (11) Mary Holroide [Crosley]. She was born 1654 at Cockcroft, Yorkshire
She married Isaac Holroyde on c 1675. He was the son of George Holroyde and Susan Holroyde [Whiteley]. He was born c 1647 at Rishworth, Elland, Yorkshire; died 1706 at Dublin, Ireland. They had the following children:
iJohn who was born 1680; died 1729
iiMary who was born c 1685
 
Generation No. 5
8. George Holroyde was the son of (12) George Holroyde and (13) Isabella Holroyde [Haig]. He was born 1609 at Elland, Yorkshire; christened 18th May 1613 at Yorkshire
He married Susan Whiteley on 8th Jul 1634 at St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire. She was born c 1610. They had the following children:
iBenjamin who was born c 1643 Rishworth, Elland, Yorkshire
iiGeorge who was born c 1645 Rishworth, Elland, Yorkshire
iiiIsaac who was born c 1647 Rishworth, Elland, Yorkshire; died 1706 Dublin, Ireland
ivJoseph who was born c 1649 Rishworth, Elland, Yorkshire
vNathaniel who was born c 1651 Rishworth, Elland, Yorkshire
viSusan who was born c 1653 Rishworth, Elland, Yorkshire
viiJohn who was born c 1655 Rishworth, Elland, Yorkshire
 
9. Susan Holroyde [Whiteley] She was born c 1610
She married George Holroyde on 8th Jul 1634 at St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire. He was the son of George Holroyde and Isabella Holroyde [Haig]. He was born 1609 at Elland, Yorkshire; christened 18th May 1613 at Yorkshire. They had the following children:
iBenjamin who was born c 1643 Rishworth, Elland, Yorkshire
iiGeorge who was born c 1645 Rishworth, Elland, Yorkshire
iiiIsaac who was born c 1647 Rishworth, Elland, Yorkshire; died 1706 Dublin, Ireland
ivJoseph who was born c 1649 Rishworth, Elland, Yorkshire
vNathaniel who was born c 1651 Rishworth, Elland, Yorkshire
viSusan who was born c 1653 Rishworth, Elland, Yorkshire
viiJohn who was born c 1655 Rishworth, Elland, Yorkshire
 
10. John Holroyde was the son of (12) George Holroyde and (13) Isabella Holroyde [Haig]. He was born 25th Oct 1603 at Elland, Yorkshire; died Feb 1685 at Yorkshire; buried 20th Feb 1685 at St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire
He married Mary Crosley on 20th May 1634 at Cockcroft, Yorkshire. She was born c 1610. They had the following children:
iGeorge who was born 1641 Cockcroft, Yorkshire
iiJoseph who was born 1643 Cockcroft, Yorkshire
iiiBenjamin who was born 1645 Cockcroft, Yorkshire; christened 30th May 1645 Yorkshire
ivJohn who was born 1648 Cockcroft, Yorkshire; christened 21st Jan 1648 Yorkshire
vWilliam who was born 1651 Cockcroft, Yorkshire
viMary who was born 1654 Cockcroft, Yorkshire
 
11. Mary Holroide [Crosley] She was born c 1610
She married John Holroide on 20th May 1634 at Cockcroft, Yorkshire. He was the son of George Holroyde and Isabella Holroyde [Haig]. He was born 25th Oct 1603 at Elland, Yorkshire; died Feb 1685 at Yorkshire; buried 20th Feb 1685 at St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire. They had the following children:
iGeorge who was born 1641 Cockcroft, Yorkshire
iiJoseph who was born 1643 Cockcroft, Yorkshire
iiiBenjamin who was born 1645 Cockcroft, Yorkshire; christened 30th May 1645 Yorkshire
ivJohn who was born 1648 Cockcroft, Yorkshire; christened 21st Jan 1648 Yorkshire
vWilliam who was born 1651 Cockcroft, Yorkshire
viMary who was born 1654 Cockcroft, Yorkshire
 
Generation No. 6
12. George Holerode was the son of (14) William Holerode and (15) Alicia Holerode [Crosley]. He was born 1572 at Yorkshire; christened 3rd Mar 1572
He married Isabella Haig on 12th Jul 1602 at Rishworth, Yorkshire. She was born 1574; died Sep 1660 at Yorkshire; buried 20th Sep 1660 at St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire. They had the following children:
iPaul who was born 1603 Elland, Yorkshire; christened 7th Mar 1603 Yorkshire
iiJohn who was born 25th Oct 1603 Elland, Yorkshire; died Feb 1685 Yorkshire; buried 20th Feb 1685 St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire
iiiNathan who was born 1605 Elland, Yorkshire; christened 13th Sep 1605 Yorkshire; died Jan 1675 Yorkshire; buried 5th Jan 1675 St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire
ivJoseph who was born 1608 Elland, Yorkshire; christened 20th Mar 1608 Yorkshire
vGeorge who was born 1609 Elland, Yorkshire; christened 18th May 1613 Yorkshire
viBenjamin who was born 1615 Elland, Yorkshire; christened 14th Jan 1615 Yorkshire; died Jul 1664 Yorkshire; buried 17th Jul 1664 St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire
viiIsaac who was born 1618 Elland, Yorkshire; christened 8th Nov 1618 Yorkshire
viiiGracia who was born 1629 Elland, Yorkshire
ixJacob who was born Nov 1621 Elland, Yorkshire; died Dec 1621 Yorkshire; buried 3rd Dec 1621 St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire
 
13. Isabella Holroyde [Haig] She was born 1574; died Sep 1660 at Yorkshire; buried 20th Sep 1660 at St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire
She married George Holroyde on 12th Jul 1602 at Rishworth, Yorkshire. He was the son of William Holerode and Alicia Holerode [Crosley]. He was born 1572 at Yorkshire; christened 3rd Mar 1572. They had the following children:
iPaul who was born 1603 Elland, Yorkshire; christened 7th Mar 1603 Yorkshire
iiJohn who was born 25th Oct 1603 Elland, Yorkshire; died Feb 1685 Yorkshire; buried 20th Feb 1685 St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire
iiiNathan who was born 1605 Elland, Yorkshire; christened 13th Sep 1605 Yorkshire; died Jan 1675 Yorkshire; buried 5th Jan 1675 St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire
ivJoseph who was born 1608 Elland, Yorkshire; christened 20th Mar 1608 Yorkshire
vGeorge who was born 1609 Elland, Yorkshire; christened 18th May 1613 Yorkshire
viBenjamin who was born 1615 Elland, Yorkshire; christened 14th Jan 1615 Yorkshire; died Jul 1664 Yorkshire; buried 17th Jul 1664 St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire
viiIsaac who was born 1618 Elland, Yorkshire; christened 8th Nov 1618 Yorkshire
viiiGracia who was born 1629 Elland, Yorkshire
ixJacob who was born Nov 1621 Elland, Yorkshire; died Dec 1621 Yorkshire; buried 3rd Dec 1621 St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire
 
Generation No. 7
14. William Holerode He was born c 1550
He married Alicia Crosley on c 1570. She was born c 1550; died Mar 1590 at Yorkshire; buried 15th Mar 1590 at St.Mary, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire. They had the following children:
iGeorge who was born 1572 Yorkshire; christened 3rd Mar 1572
iiJames who was born 1574 Yorkshire
iiiThomas who was born 1577 Yorkshire
ivAbraham who was born 1580 Yorkshire; christened 19th Feb 1580
vAgnes who was born 1585 Yorkshire; christened 13th Sep 1585; died Jun 1602 Yorkshire; buried 25th Jun 1602 St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire
viSusannah who was born 1586 Yorkshire; christened 12th Feb 1586; died Feb 1608 Yorkshire, infant; buried 5th Feb 1608 St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire
viiMaria who was born 1587 Yorkshire; christened 16th Jun 1587; died Jul 1605 Yorkshire; buried 24th Jul 1605 St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire
viiiUnnamed who was born 1588 Yorkshire; died 15th Mar 1588
 
15. Alicia Holerode [Crosley] She was born c 1550; died Mar 1590 at Yorkshire; buried 15th Mar 1590 at St.Mary, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire
She married William Holerode on c 1570. He was born c 1550. They had the following children:
iGeorge who was born 1572 Yorkshire; christened 3rd Mar 1572
iiJames who was born 1574 Yorkshire
iiiThomas who was born 1577 Yorkshire
ivAbraham who was born 1580 Yorkshire; christened 19th Feb 1580
vAgnes who was born 1585 Yorkshire; christened 13th Sep 1585; died Jun 1602 Yorkshire; buried 25th Jun 1602 St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire
viSusannah who was born 1586 Yorkshire; christened 12th Feb 1586; died Feb 1608 Yorkshire, infant; buried 5th Feb 1608 St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire
viiMaria who was born 1587 Yorkshire; christened 16th Jun 1587; died Jul 1605 Yorkshire; buried 24th Jul 1605 St.Mary's Church, Elland, West Riding, Yorkshire
viiiUnnamed who was born 1588 Yorkshire; died 15th Mar 1588
 

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