The Weald of Kent, Surrey and Sussex
Huggates [a.k.a. Huggetts] Furnace    Hadlow Down  Mayfield  

Books and other documents
PublishedTitle, author and references
1927The Sussex Highlands ⇒ p. 52
1928Rotherfield - The Story of some Wealden Manors by Catharine Pulleinp. 279
1931Wealden Iron by Ernest Straker ⇒ p. 387

Historical records

c 1520HistoryHuggates [a.k.a. Huggetts] FurnaceOur Village
Hugget's Furnace - This is the name of an old farmstead remote among green meadows beside the beginnings of the Ouse in the valley between Rotherfield and Hadlow Down, though the blast furnaces have been long extinct, the hammers silent and the slag heaps buried under woodland growth or furrowed field. In this beautiful spot when Henry VIII was king the first English iron cannon was cast as Holinshed records by Ralph Hogg or Huggett, a notable iron-master of Buxted. Hogg built himself a house in Buxted Park, known from his rebus on its front as the 'Hogg House' to this day, but his works were here [Hugget's Furnace], and here his foreman Jack Johnson, lived. Both are commemorated in the old rhyme:
"Master Huggett and his man John
They did cast the first cannon."

Near the old timbered farmhouse is the mill with its iron wheel. Across the road is the 'hammer pond' with fragments of its ancient sluices which in Tudor times provided the motive power for what was one of the most important gun foundries in England
from Our Village, written and published by The Rotherfield History Research Group in 1979

c 1795South of Crowborough, Sussex - c 1795Part of the 1 inch to 1 mile map of Sussex produced in 1795 by William Gardner and Thomas GreamHuggetts Furnace Farm

6th Jun 1841CensusNicholas Martin, M, Head, age 62, born Sussex; occupation: farmerNicholas Martin, farmerHuggetts Furnace1841 Census
Mayfield, Sussex
Jane Martin, F, [Daughter], age 28, born SussexJane Martin
Charles Martin, M, [Son], age 21, born SussexCharles Martin, farmer and miller
Ansley Martin, F, [Daughter], age 19, born SussexAnsley Wickens [Martin]
William Martin, M, [Son], age 25, born SussexJohn George Martin, farmer
Alfred Martin, M, [Son], age 19, born SussexAlfred Martin
John Buss, M, Head, age 55 to 59, born Sussex; occupation: independentJohn Buss, independent
John Buss, M, [Son], age 21, born SussexJohn Buss
George Carter, M, age 3, born SussexGeorge Carter
Samuel Parker, M, age 21, born Sussex; occupation: servantSamuel Parker
George Parker, M, age 19, born Sussex; occupation: servantGeorge Parker
Mary Hoath, F, age 14, born Sussex; occupation: servantMary (Hoath) Allcorn [Card]

30th Mar 1851CensusHead, widowed, employs 5 people; occupation: farmerNicholas Martin, farmerHuggates Furnace1851 Census
Mayfield, Sussex
DaughterJane Martin
DaughterEdith Martin
DaughterAnsley Wickens [Martin]
Servant; occupation: farm servantGeorge Martin, farm labourer
Grand-daughter; occupation ScholarSarah Wickens
Servant; occupation: farm servantJohn Martin, farm labourer
Servant; occupation: farm servantStephen Brooman, farm labourer
Lodger; occupation: retired farmerJohn Buss, independent

1867Directory entryAlcorn Fredk., farmer, Huggott's furnaceHuggott's furnacePost Office Directory

2nd Apr 1871CensusEli N Dadswell, M, Head, single, age 24, born Framfield, Sussex; occupation: miller & farmer of 5 acresEli Napoleon Dadswell, miller and farmerHuggets Furnace1871 Census
Mayfield, Sussex
Frances M Bray, F, Servant, single, age 52, born Mayfield, Sussex; occupation: housekeeperFrances M. Bray

1874Directory entryAllcorn Frdk. farmer, Huggett's furnaceHuggett's furnacePost Office Directory

c 1875Huggetts Furnace, Pinehurst, Stone Farm and Coes Farm, South of Crowborough - c 1875Part of the 6 inch to 1 mile map of Sussex produced in 1875 by Ordnance SurveyHuggets Furnace

3rd Apr 1881CensusFred Allcam, M, Head, married, age 28, born Rotherfield, employs 7 men and 1 boy; occupation: farmerFrederick AllcornHuggets Furnace1881 Census
Mayfield, Sussex
Frances Mary Allcam, F, Wife, married, age 28, born FrantFrances Mary Allcorn [Allcorn]
Annie Julia Allcam, F, Daughter, age 4, born MayfieldAnnie Julia Alchorne
Frank John Allcam, M, Son, age 3, born MayfieldFrank John Alchorne
Carrie Elizabeth Allcam, F, Daughter, age 6 m, born MayfieldCarry Elizabeth Alchorne
Eliz. Pollard, F, Servant, single, age 22, born Westfield; occupation Domestic servantElizabeth Pollard
Martha Turner, F, Servant, age 15, born Robertsbridge; occupation: nurseMartha Turner
Thomas Luthman, M, Servant, single, age 24, born Burwash; occupation: farm servantThomas Luthman

1882Directory entryAllcorn Frdk, farmer, Huggett's furnaceHuggett's furnaceKelly's Directory

5th Apr 1891CensusFred Allcorn, M, Head, married, age 38, born Rotherfield, Sussex; occupation: farmerFrederick AllcornHuggets Furnace1891 Census
Mayfield, Sussex
Frances M Allcorn, F, Wife, married, age 38, born Rotherfield, SussexFrances Mary Allcorn [Allcorn]
Annie J Allcorn, F, Daughter, single, age 14, born Mayfield, Sussex; occupation: assistantAnnie Julia Alchorne
Frank J Allcorn, M, Son, age 13, born Mayfield, Sussex; occupation: scholarFrank John Alchorne
Maud M Allcorn, F, Daughter, age 8, born Mayfield, Sussex; occupation: scholarMaud Mary Alchorne
Lily J Allcorn, F, Daughter, age 5, born Mayfield, SussexLily Jane Alchorne
Rose Edith Allcorn, F, Daughter, age 2, born Mayfield, SussexRose Edith Allcorn
Infant Allcorn, M, Son, age 5 months, born Mayfield, SussexCharles Allcorn
Elizabeth J Dadswell, F, Servant, single, age 16, born Mayfield, Sussex; occupation: general domestic servantElizabeth Jane Dadswell
Harriet M King, F, Nurse, widowed, age 74, born Mayfield, Sussex; occupation: nurseHarriet M King
William T Hobden, M, Servant, single, age 17, born Mayfield, Sussex; occupation: milkmanWilliam Thomas Hobden
Nelson Fuller, M, Servant, single, age 20, born Mayfield, Sussex; occupation: farm servantNelson Fuller

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